By Fred H. Wight
Some Special Events of Domestic Festivity
DEDICATION OF ANEWLY BUILT HOUSE
THAT THERE WAS a generally accepted custom among the Jews of dedicating a newly constructed dwelling is indicated from the words of the Mosaic Law: "What man is there that hath built a new house and hath not dedicated it" (Deu 20:5). No doubt the social and also the devotional elements entered into the occasion. A similar custom was in use in other ancient and in some modern lands of the East.1
The title of the Thirtieth Psalm reads, "A Psalm; Song at the dedication of the house of David." This would seem to reveal that David celebrated the entering into his house with a special service or festivity of dedication. Spurgeon quotes Samuel Chandler as saying concerning this custom:
WEANING OF ACHILD
The weaning of a child is an important event in the domestic life of the East. In many places it is celebrated by a festive gathering of friends, by feasting, by religious ceremonies, and sometimes the formal presentation of rice to the child.3
Among the peasant Arabs of Palestine, babies are often nursed for two years, and sometimes for four or even five years. When it is being weaned, various dainties are given the child to sweeten the gums and make it to forget the mother's milk4 (cf.Psa 131:2).
The old time Hebrew mothers also weaned their infants late. One such mother said to her son: "My son, have pity upon me that carried thee nine months in my womb, and gave thee suck three years, and nourished and brought thee up unto this age" (2Ma 7:27). It was probably at this age of three, or possibly even later, that Hannah weaned Samuel and brought him to GOD's sanctuary, where offerings were made to GOD, and he was presented to the LORD (1Sa 1:23). The Scriptural example of a weaning feast was the one celebrated for Isaac. Scripture says of it: "And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned" (Gen 21:8). It must have been a time of great rejoicing and dedication of the child to the LORD.
In the Orient, the harvest time
is always a time of great
festivity. To the Jews of Bible
days, it was also a time of
great joy. The prophet said, "They
joy before thee according to the
joy in harvest" (Isa
The law provided two feasts that
were harvest festivals (Exo
The first of these was called at
one time The Feast of the
Harvest, and later named The
Feast of Pentecost. This feast
was celebrated after the grain
harvest. It was designated to
express thanksgiving to GOD for
the harvest that had been
gathered. It was a time of rest
from labor (Exo
Also it was a time of feasting (Exo
The second of these feasts was
sometimes called The Feast of
Ingathering, being held after
all the grain, fruit, wine and
oil had been gathered in. It,
too, was a time of thanksgiving
and joy over the harvest. It was
also called the Feast of
because they dwelt in booths to
remind them of the wilderness
days of the past.
5 SHEEP-SHEARING It would seem from two Bible
references that sheep-shearing
was another time of special
festivity in the ancient Hebrew
home. It was at a sheep-shearing
time that the affair between
David and wealthy Nabal took
place ( Concerning Nabal's celebration
Scripture says: "And Abigail
came to Nabal; and, behold, he
held a feast in his home, like
the feast of a king" (
It would seem from two Bible references that sheep-shearing was another time of special festivity in the ancient Hebrew home. It was at a sheep-shearing time that the affair between David and wealthy Nabal took place (1Sa 25:4).
Concerning Nabal's celebration Scripture says: "And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his home, like the feast of a king" (1Sa 25:36). The other example is the sheep-shearing feast of Absalom, at which time the murder of Ammon was perpetrated (2Sa 13:23 ff). These two examples of this sort of a feast would not by themselves indicate that it was anything but a time of festivity alone. But without doubt, in many pious homes it was a time of thanksgiving to GOD for the wool provided from the flocks.
1. James M. Freeman, Handbook of
Bible Manners and Customs,
2. C. H. Spurgeon, The
Treasury of David, Vol. II,
p. 52. (New York: Funk &
Wagnalls Company, 1881.)
3. Freeman, op. cit., p. 21.
4. Elihu Grant, The People of
Palestine, p. 66.
5. Freeman, op. cit., pp. 71,
2. C. H. Spurgeon, The Treasury of David, Vol. II, p. 52. (New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1881.)
3. Freeman, op. cit., p. 21.
4. Elihu Grant, The People of Palestine, p. 66.
5. Freeman, op. cit., pp. 71, 72.