Illustrations of the American Ornithology

By Alexander Wilson and Charles Lucian Bonaparte

Additions by Captain Thomas Brown

SYSTEMATIC INDEX

The arrangement adopted is that of Temminck, slightly altered, with the addition of some new Genera.

One Hundred and Sixty-one Birds have been added by the Editor, which are distinguished by an * ; and Eighty-seven Birds have been considerably enlarged ; these latter are marked by a # prefixed. Besides the addition of One Hundred and Sixty-seven representations of Forest Trees and Shrubs.

DIVISION III

METHODICAL DISPOSITION OF THE NORTH AMERICAN SYLVA

OAKS.

First Division. Annual Fructification.

First Section. Lobed Leaves.

  1. White Oak, Quercus Alba, Plate 50.14
  2. Common European, Quercus Robur, Plate 10.6
  3. European White, Quercus Robur Pedunculata, Plate 10.7
  4. Mossy Cup, Quercus Olivaformis, Plate 50.12
  5. Over Cup White, Quercus Macrocarpa, Plate 59.4
  6. Post, Quercus Obtusiloba, Plate 50.13
  7. Over Cup, Quercus Lyrata, Plate 36.14

Second Section, Toothed Leaves.

  8. Swamp White, Quercus prinus discolor, Plate 16.6
  9. Chestnut White, Quercus prinus palustris, Plate 33.10
  10. Rock Chestnut, Quercus prinus Monticola, Plate 58.7
  11. Yellow, Quercus prinus acuminatum, Plate 36.15
  12. Small Chestnut, Quercus prinus chincapin, Plate 36.13

Second Division. Biennial Fructification.

First Section. Mucronated Leaves. (Except 13.)

  13. Live, Quercus Virens, Plate 36.16
  14. Cork, Quercus Suber, Plate 11.7
  15. Willow, Quercus Phellos, Plate 24.14
  16. Laurel, Quercus Imbricaria, Plate 11.5
  17. Upland Willow, Quercus Cinerea, Plate 11.6
  18. Running, Quercus Pamila, Plate 35.14

Second Section. Lobed Leaves.

  19. Bartram's, Quercus Heterophylla, Plate 51.9
  20. Water, Quercus Aquatica, Plate 64.10 & 41.7
  21. Black Jack, Quercus Ferruginea. Plate 9.7
  22. Bear, Quercus Banisteri, Plate 36.17

Third Section. Multifid or Many-cleft Leaves.

  23. Barrens Scrub, Quercus Catesbai, Plate 52.9
  24. Spanish, Quercus Falcata, Plate 58.8
  25. Black, Quercus Tincloria, Plate 11.8
  26. Scarlet, Quercus Coccinea, Plate 59.5
  27. Gray, Quercus Ambigua, Plate 17.5
  28. Red, Quercus Rubra, Plate 8.4

WALNUTS

First Section. Simple Aments. Vegetation rapid.

  1. Common European Walnut, Juglans Regia, Plate 42.7, 8, 9
  2. Black Walnut, Juglans Nigra, Plate 62.3
  3. Butternut, Juglans Cathartica, Plate 49.12

Second Section. Compound Aments, each Peduncle bearing three. Vegetation slow.

  4. Pacanenut Hickory, Juglans Olivaformis, Plate 33.14
  5. Bitternut Hickory, Juglans  Amara, Plate 42.6
  6. Water Bitternut Hickory, Juglans Aquatica, Plate 66.7
  7. Mockernut Hickory, Juglans Tomentosa, Plate 37.17
  8. Shellbark Hickory, Juglans Squamosa, Plate 66.8
  9. Thick Shellbark Hickory, Juglans Laciniosa, Plate 58.9
  10. Pignut Hickory, Juglans Porcina, Plate 62.12
  11. Nutmeg Hickory, Juglans Myrislicmformis, Plate 37.16

MAPLES.

First Section. Sessile Flowers. Fructification vernal.

  1. White Maple, Acer Eriocarpum, Plate 64.9
  2 Red Flowering, Acer Rubrum, Plate 49.14

Second Section. Pedunculated Flowers. Fructification autumnal.

  3. Sugar Maple, Acer Saccharinum, Plate 5.8
  4. Black Sugar Maple, Acer Nigrum, Plate 51.11
  5. Norway Maple, Acer Platanoides, Plate 52.12
  6. Sycamore, Acer Pseudo-Platanus, Plate 18.4
  7. Moose Wood, Acer Striatum, Plate 51.12
  8. Box Elder, Acer Negundo, Plate 51.9
  9. Mountain Maple, Acer Montanum, Plate 62.4
         
  1. Dogwood, Cornus Florida, Plate 15.4
         
  1. Georgia Bark, Pinchneya pubens, Plate 38.17
         
  1. Coffee-Tree, Gymnocladus Canadensis, Plate 8.5
         
  1. Spanish Coffee-Tree, Cassia Occidentalis, Plate 39.8
         
  1. Wild or Cane Vine Cassia Vulgo, Plate 37.15

MAGNOLIAS.

  1. Large Flowered Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora, Plate 60.3
  2. Small Magnolia, Magnolia Glauca, Plate 21.9
  3. Cucumber Tree, Magnolia Acuminata, Plate 30.6
  4. Heart-leaved Cucumber Tree, Magnolia Cordata, Plate 35.10
  5. Umbrella Tree, Magnolia tripetala, Plate 35.12
  6. Long-leaved Cucumber Tree, Magnolia Auriculata, Plate 44.3
  7. Large-leaved Umbrella Tree, Magnolia Macrophylla, Plate 18.3
         
  1. Loblolly Bay, Gordonia Lasyanthus, Plate 22.6
         
  1. Franklinia, Gordonia pubescens, Plate 32.8
         
  1. Papaw, Anona Triloba, Plate 30.7
         
  1. Tulip Tree, Lyriodendrum Tulipifera, Plate 25.7
         
  1. Sweet Gum, Liquidambar Styraciflua, Plate 10.5
         
  1. Button Wood, Platunus Occidentalis, Plate 32.9
         
  1. Catalpa Bignonia Catalpa, Plate 44.4
         
  1. Crab Apple, Malus Coronaria, Plate 14.3
         
  1. June Berry, Maspilus Arborea, Plate 23.8
         
  1. Dwarf Rose Bay, Rhododendrum Maximum, Plate 23.12
         
  1. Mountain Laurel, Kalmia Latifolia, Plate 61.8

BIRCHES.

First Section. Fertile Aments, pedunculated and pendulous.

  1. Conoe Birch, Betula Papyracia, Plate 32.11
  2. Common European, Betula Alba, Plate 49.10
  3. White, Betula Populifolia, Plate 23.9

Second Section. Fertile Aments, sessile and erect.

  4. Red Birch, Betula Rubra, Plate 17.7
  5. Yellow Birch, Betula Lutea, Plate 21.10
  6. Black Birch, Betula Lenta, Plate 50.15
         
  1. Common Alder, Alnus Serrulata, Plate 23.11
  2. Black Alder, Alnus Glauca, Plate 23.10
         
  1. Locust Tree, Robina Pseudo- Acacia, Plate 67.4
  2. Rose Flowering Locust, Robina Viscosa, Plate 50.16
         
  1. Yellow Wood, Virgilia Lutea, Plate 29.7
         
  1. Sweet Locust, Gleditsia Triacanthos, Plate 35.11
  2. Water Locust, Gleditsia Monosperma, Plate 34.11
         
  1. Sassafras, Laurus Sassafras, Plate 63.13
  2. Red Bay, Laurus Caroliniensis, Plate 29.6
  3. Camphor Tree, Laurus Camphora, Plate 79.3
         
  1. American Holly, Ilex Opaca, Plate 25.5
         
  1. Sorel Tree, Andromeda Arborea, Plate 35.13
         
  1. Devil Wood, Olea Americana, Plate 26.6
  2. Olive Tree, Olea Europa, Plate 63.12
         
  1. Wild Cherry, Cerasus Virginiana, Plate 32.10
  2. Wild Orange, Cerasus Caroliniana, Plate 37.18
  3. Red Cherry, Cerasus Borealis, Plate 39.9
         
  1. Large Buck-eye, Pavia Lutea, Plate 33.13
  2. Ohio Buck-eye, Pavia Ohioensis, Plate 22.4
         
  1. Persimon,     Plate 17.6
         
  1. Carolina Poplar, Populus Angulata, Plate 32.7
  2. Catton Wood, Populus Canadensis, Plate 65.7
  3. American Black Poplar, Populus Hudsonica, Plate 34.14
  4. Virginian Poplar, Populus Monilifera, Plate 34.15
  5. Cotton Tree, Populus Argentea, Plate 39.10
  6. Balsam Poplar, Populus Balsamifera, Plate 33.12
  7. Heart-leaved Balsam Poplar, Populus Candicans, Plate 33.11
  8. American Aspin, Populus Tremuloides, Plate 38.21
  9. American Large Aspin, Populus Grandidentata, Plate 38.18
  10. Common White or Grey Poplar, Populus Canescens, Plate 22.5
         
  1. Cabbage Tree, Chamerops Palmetto, Plate 95.2
         
  1. Pride of India, Melia Azedarach, Plate 19.6
         
  1. Pistacia Tree, Pistacia Vera, Plate 19.5
         
  1. American Chestnut, Caslawa Visca Plate 7.5
  2. Chincapin, Caslawa Pumila, Plate 28.9
         
  1. White Beech, Fagus Sylvestris, Plate 45.10
  2. Red Beech, Fagus Ferruginea Plate 54.7
         
  1. American Hornbeam, Carpinus Americana, Plate 18.11
  2. Iron Wood, Carpinus Ostrya, Plate 46.9
         
  1. Black Gum, Nyssa Svlvatica, Plate 15.5
  2. Tupelo, Nyssa Aquatica, Plate 46.8
  3. Large Tupelo, Nyssa Grandidentata, Plate 65
  4. Sour Tupelo, Nyssa Capitata, Plate 5.7
         
  1. American Nettle Tree, Celtis Occidentalis, Plate 49.11
  2. Hack Berry, Celtis Crassifolia, Plate 46.6
         
  1. Red Mulberry, Morus Rubra, Plate 53.12
         
  1. Sweet Leaf, Hopea Tinctoria, Plate 24.15
         
  1. White Ash, Fraxinus Americana, Plate 24.13
  2. Red Ash, Fraxinus Tomentosa, Plate 53.11
  3. Green Ash, Fraxinus Viridis, Plate 9.6
  4. Common European Ash, Fraxinus Excelsior, Plate 31.6
  5. Black Ash, Fraxinus Sambucifolia, Plate 16.7
  6. Blue Ash, Fraxinus Quadrangulata, Plate 21.7
  7. Caroline Ash, Fraxinus Platicarpa, Plate 38.19
         
  1. Champlain Willow, Salix Ligustrina, Plate 28.10
  2. Shining Willow, Salix Lucido, Plate 46.7
  3. Black Willow, Salix Nigra, Plate 49.13
         
  1. White Elm, Ulmus Americana, Plate 38.20
  2. Wahoo, Ulmus Alata, Plate 31.8
  3. Red Elm, Ulmus Rubra, Plate 52.10
  4. Common European Elm, Ulmus Campestris, Plate 52.11
  5. Dutch Elm, Ulmus Suberosa, Plate 31.9
         
  1. Planer Tree, Planera Ulmifolia, Plate 63.10
         
  1. American Lime, Tilia Americana, Plate 63.7
  2. White Lime, Tilia Alba, Plate 45.9
  3. Downy Lime, Tilia Pubescens, Plate 92.4

PINES, SPRUCES, AND LARCHES.

Two-leaved Pines. Cones Smooth.

  1. Red (Norway) Pine, Pinus Rubra, Plate 47.6
  2. Stone Pine, Pinus Pinea, Plate 74.5
  3. Grey Pine, Pinus Rupestris, Plate 57.11
  4. Yellow Pine, Pinus Mitis, Plate 47.7
  5. Wild Pine, or Scotch Fir, Pinus Sylvestris, Plate 34.12

Cones Thorny.

  6. New Jersey Pine, Pinus Inops, Plate 53.9
  7. Table Mountain Pine, Pinus Pungens, Plate 48.6

Three-leaved. Cones Smooth, or with small Spines.

  8. Long-leaved Pine, Pinus Australis, Plate 9.5
  9. Pond Pine, Pinus Serotina, Plate 48.6

Cones Thorny.

  10. Pitch Pine, Pinus Rigida, Plate 34.12
  11. Loblolly Pine, Pinus Tda, Plate 48.8

Five-leaved Pines.

  12. White Pine, Pinus Strobus, Plate 67.9

Spruces. Leaves short, and disposed singly round the Branches.

  13. Norway Spruce, Pinus Picea, Plate 53.8
  14. Black, or Double Spruce, Pinus Niger, Plate 48.8
  15. White or Single, Pinus Alba, Plate 47.10

Leaves Lateral.

  16. Hemlock Spruce, Pinus Canadensis, Plate 53.10
  17. American Silver Fir, Pinus Balsamifera, Plate 48

Larches.

  18. American Larch, Pinus Americana, Plate 40.7
  19. Black Larch, Pinus Pendula, Plate 40.8

Cypress.

  1. Common Cypress, Cupressus Disticha, Plate 40.9
  2. White Cedar, Cupressus Thoides, Plate 60.8

Arbor Vit.

  1. American Arbor Vitse, Thuya Occidentalis, Plate 38.15

Cedar.

  1 Red Cedar, Juniperus Virginiana, Plate 38.16

Althea.

  1. Wild Althea, Hibiscus Grandiflorus, Plate 41.6

Spider Wort.

  1. Virginian Spider Wort, Tradescantia Virginica, Plate 27.2