[Cf. besides the works mentioned in § 2, the Commentaries on
the New Testament as a whole, which usually pay particular attention to questions of Introduction. Special mention must be made,
however, of those edited by H. A. W. Meyer and by H. Holtzmann.
The ʽKritisch-exegetisches Commentar über das Neue Testamentʼ
of the former appeared in 1882 in 16 vols., in which 1. and 2.
Thess. and Hebrews were undertaken by G. K. G. Lünemann, 1.
and 2. Tim., Titus and the Catholic Epistles by J. E. Hüther,
Revelation by F. Düsterdieck and the rest by the Editor. The
more recent editions have been entrusted to others; B. Weiss
has undertaken the greater part of the work, but several sections
have already been re-edited twice over. We shall mention the
newest editions at the head of each of our §§, under the title of
H. A. W. Meyer. But as the original unity of design, tone
and scale has disappeared, so the value of the different vols. is by
this time very unequal; all, however, have a tendency, while professing to examine the evidence impartially, to concede as little as
possible to ʽnegativeʼ criticism and to make the New Testament
writers appear as the representatives of the authorʼs own moderate
Protestant orthodoxy. A typical example of this is afforded by
Siefferʼs commentary on the Epistle to the Galatians. The
abundant criticism at first applied to older commentators—undertaken on no very clear principles and from differing points of view—has been to an increasing extent abandoned in the newer editions.
The ʽHand-Commentar zum Neuen Testamentʼ of H. J. Holtzmann,1 with contributions by R. A. Lipsius, P. W. Schmiedel and
H. von Soden, is a work which confines itself almost entirely to a
practical interpretation of the New Testament texts and to a brief angwering of questions of literary and religious history by the
help of the most trustworthy authorities. The five volumes of
Zöckler and Strackʼs ʽCommentar zu den heiligen Schriften der
Alten und Neuen Testamenteʼ which deal with the New Testament,
reached a second edition in 1897; here, too, the editors were
assisted by other writers—Nösgen, Luthardt, Schnedermann,
Wohlenberg, Burger and E. Riggenbach, the value of whose work
varies considerably. But even if we ignore Nössgenʼs plaintive
contribution, it is impossible to recommend this Commentary as a
whole, because the writersʼ conservative interest too often stands
in the way of a clear understanding of the texts. An English
parallel to Meyer is afforded by the ʽInternational Critical Commentary, in which the uniformity of tone and value has as yet
been well maintained in spite of the large number of contributors;
but unfortunately the greater part of the work has not yet appeared.
C. Weizsäckerʼs ʽDas Neue Testament übersetztʼ (of which the
9th edition appeared in 1899, Freiburg-i.-Br.) is such a masterpiece of translation that-it almost supplies the place of a commentary
to the attentive reader.]