INTRODUCTION Rom 1:1-15
I. THE ADDRESS Rom 1:1-7
i. THE WRITER Rom 1:1-6
a. HIMSELF AND HIS OFFICE Rom 1:1
b. A Servant of Jesus Christ.
2. His Office
PARENTHESIS. Concerning the Gospel Rom 1:2-4
1. Prophecy Rom 1:2-3 a
b. "Concerning His Son."
2. History Rom 1:3-4 a
a. "Born . . . according to
b. "Declared . . . according to
3. Person Rom 1:4 b
"Jesus Christ our Lord."
b. HIS EQUIPMENT AND HIS MISSION Rom
1. Equipment - Grace and Apostleship
Rom 1:5 a
2. Mission - Unto Obedience Rom
ii. THE READERS Rom 1:7 a
a. NAMED Rom 1:7
1. In Rome.
2. Beloved of God
3. Called Saints
b. SALUTED Rom 1:7 b
1. The Blessings - Grace and Peace.
2. The Sources
a. God our Father
b. The Lord Jesus Christ
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THE introductory section of the letter to the Romans
is full of personal allusion and revelation, but through all, the glory
of the theme filling the mind of the writer is clearly manifest.
While Paul introduced himself in the most distinct
language, his purpose in doing so was that of declaring his relation to
the Gospel. While he spoke with tenderness of those to whom he wrote,
the master passion in his letter was that of their spiritual welfare.
From the beginning it is evident that he was conscious of two facts;
that he stood between the super-abounding grace of God, as supplied
through the Lord Jesus Christ, and the overwhelming need of the world;
and that he and all saints are responsible channels of communication
between that grace and that need.
His introduction falls into three main parts; the
first being the address in which writer and readers were introduced to
each other; the second being a paragraph in which he declared his
personal interest in them, although he had never seen them; while in the
third he revealed the reason of his writing.
I. THE ADDRESS
In all inspired writings the personality of the human
agent is clearly stamped upon the page. This is peculiarly true in the
case of Paul. The massiveness and activity of his mind are clearly seen
in this opening paragraph, which as a matter of fact consists of but one
principal sentence. From the word "Paul" to that which is immediately
connected with it, "to all that are in Rome," is a great distance; and
the ground covered in the matter of spiritual suggestion is even greater
than the space occupied by the actual words.
The address consists of the introduction of the
writer; a parenthesis concerning the Gospel; and the naming and saluting
of the readers.
i. THE WRITER
Paul introduced himself by name, and described
himself as the "bond-servant of Jesus Christ"; carefully affirming his
authority by referring to his office as that of a "called .... apostle,"
"separated unto the Gospel of God."
His reference to the Gospel of God was the occasion
of a statement concerning the One of Whom, and of Whose work, the Gospel
is the proclamation. In that statement the apostle indicated the
relation of the Lord Jesus Christ to prophecy and to history. The Gospel
which had been promised through the prophets in the Scriptures was
concerning the Son. The double fact of history concerning His
personality was that first of His actual humanity, He "was born of the
seed of David according to the flesh"; and secondly, of His Deity,
"declared the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of
holiness, by the resurrection of the dead." The apostle finally named
this Person as "Jesus Christ our Lord"; and affirmed that the evidence
that He was alive and active, was found in that through Him, the
apostles had received grace, which is the medium of salvation; and
apostleship, which is the authority of service.
ii. THE READERS
He addressed himself to the "beloved of God'' in
Rome, who were "called saints." By bringing the first and seventh verses
together, which is their true relation, we discover the key to the
letter; the called apostle wrote to the called saints. In this fact a
principle of interpretation in the case of the whole letter is revealed.
It is not a tract for the unsaved, but a treatise for the saved. The
argument of the apostle makes it evident that salvation does not depend
upon an understanding of the doctrines of grace, but on belief on the
Lord Jesus Christ. It is necessary however that those who by such faith
have entered into life, should, in order that their testimony to others
may be clear and victorious, understand these doctrines. The elaborate
and exhaustive treatment of this letter is intended for the instruction
of the saints.