◄470-350 BC | Timeline 350-230 BC (Inter-Testamental Period Part 1) | 240-120 BC►
Notes on the Nations
Books of the Bible
Notes on Israel
|Persian Empire 550-358BC Holman Bible Dictionary Artaxerxes III 358-337BC (21)||
333BC Battle of Issus - Alexander Made Persia a Greek Province
The Kingdom of Greece 359-323 BC Philip of Macedonia 359-336BC (23) Alexander The Great 336-323BC (13) ISBE Fausset's Bible Dictionary Smith's Bible Dictionary Alexander's Empire divided between his 4 Generals Known as the Diadochi (link is offsite) We will look at 3 of the Kingdoms below The Kingdom Macedonia (Greece) Kingdom of the Seleucids (Asia Kingdom of the Ptolemys (Egypt)
Kingdom of Macedonia 315-168BC Antigonus I (Cyclops) 315-307BC (8) Demetrius I (Poliorgetes) 307-287BC (20) Antigonus II (Gonatas) 283-239BC (44) Demetrius II 239-229BC (10)
Kingdom of the Seleucids 323-64BC Seleucus I (Nicator) 323-281BC (42) ISBE Antiochus I (Soter) 280-261BC (19) ISBE Antiochus II (Theos) 261-246BC (15) ISBE Seleucus II (Callinicus) 246-226BC (20) ISBE
Kingdom of Egypt (?-30 BC) Holman Bible Dictionary 30th Dynasty (37) 380 - 343BC Nectanebo II (17) 360-343BC 31th Dynasty (11) 343 - 332BC Egypt Again Ruled By Persia (11) 343-332 Egypt Ruled By Greece (10) 332-323
Kingdom of the Ptolemys 323-30BC Ptolemy I (Soter I) 323-285BC (38) ISBE Ptolemy II (Philadelphus) 285-246BC (38) ISBE Ptolemy III (Evergetes I) 246-221BC (25) ISBE
Rome 1st Punic War 264-241BC
Governors of Judea Yehezqiyah (Hezekiah) (37) 370-333 BC Alexander the Great Rules Israel 333-323BC The Ptolemys Rule Israel 323-200BC (123)
High Priests Jaddua 370-320BC ISBE Fausset's Bible Dictionary Smith's Bible Dictionary Onias I 320-280BC ISBE Smith's Bible Dictionary Simon I, 280-260BC ISBE Smith's Bible Dictionary Eleazar 260-245BC Manasseh 245-240BC Onias II 240-218BC ISBE Smith's Bible Dictionary
Maps Palestine after the Exile Alexander the Great's Empire The Division of Alexander's Empire ca. 275 BCE Palestine under the Ptolemies The Seleucid Empire and Antiochus III
Notes on Israel's Involvement With the Nations
Notes on Daniel’s Prophecy of the 70 Weeks
In this prophecy, Daniel is told the exact date that the Messiah would come to redeem Israel & the world. The Timetable starts “from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem”. This event happened on 14th March, B.C. 445 when the king of Persia Artaxerxes Longitmanus issued a decree that Nehemiah was to return to Israel & rebuild the walls of Jerusalem. The Prophecy on 6th April, A.D. 32 when The Messiah Jesus entered Jerusalem in Psalm Sunday.
Daniel is told of 3 timelines
The Hebrew word for “Weeks” (shabuwa or שבדצ) actually means seven or period of seven & can mean 7 days (Week) or 7 years (Sabbatical Year). So in this passage the term weeks should be read as 70 Sabbatical Years or 70 X 7 years. The Nation of Israel at the time of Daniel was using a calendar based on 12 lunar months of 30 days or 360 day years with an extra month added every few years to reset the calendar also known as a “Prophetic Year”. The 70 X 7 must be based on this 360 day Prophetic Year (see also Rev 11:3 where 1260 days = 42 months = 3 ½ years)
Seven weeks and sixty-two weeks
The first part of this timeline called “seven weeks” are 7 X 7 or 49 years refers to the actual rebuilding of Jerusalem that took 49 yearsThe second part of this prophecy called “seven weeks and sixty-two weeks” Includes the above 7 weeks plus the 62 weeks for a total of 69 weeks or 69 Prophetic Years. According to Sir Robert Anderson in his book Daniel in the Critic's Den these 69 Prophetic Years add up to 173,880 and when recalculated into Julian Years of 365 days ends on 6th April, A.D. 32 or that exact day that Jesus entered Jerusalem on Psalm Sunday
The 70th week
The last week or the 70th week is still to come & refers to the 7 years of the tribulation period where The “Prince” or Anti-Christ will Stop the daily sacrifice & declare himself God. After this, he will attack the nation of Israel & finish the prophecy
Notes on Daniel’s vision of World history from Cyrus to the Time of the End
Daniel is told this vision in “first year of Darius the Mede” or 539 BC & covers the next 200 years of the future. The prophecy is so accurate that all liberal atheists believe that the Book of Daniel had to be written much later. Their so-called “Logic” runs as follows:
The forth King to stand up would then be Xerxes 486-465BC. In 480, Xerxes attacked the Greek Mainland & began a 200 year rivalry between the two powers ending only when Alexander the Great defeated Persia. Notice the prophecy never says that there will only be 4 Persian kings, only that 4 will arise – it then skips the rest Persian history.
With verse 3, the prophecy jumps to 336 BC & speaks of
In 336 BC, a man takes the throne in Greece. Within 13 years, he will conquer Persia as well as the rest of the Known world. This man was Alexander the Great. & in his 33rd year of life he will die & his vast empire would be split up between his 4 generals & his only offspring will be killed thus answering this part of the prophecy perfectly.
The king of the South here is Ptolemy I (323-285BC). The “Prince” here is Seleucus I (323-281BC) who worked under Ptolemy I to defeat Antigonus I (315-307BC). Soon after the Defeat of Antigonus I, Seleucus I grew stronger & stronger until he became even stronger then Ptolemy I. Thus, Verse 5 answered perfectly as usual with biblical prophecy.
Verse 6 skips to Ptolemy II ( 285-246BC) who’s daughter Berenice was married to
Antiochus II (261-246BC) who was forced to divorce his wife Laodiceia. In 246 BC, Ptolemy II died & Antiochus II quickly divorced Berenice & took back his first wife. Soon after, Antiochus II died. So just as the Bible said, neither king prospered over the marriage, Berenice never kept her power & was given up.
Verses 7-9 Prophecy what will happen under the next King of the South & North. In 246 BC, Ptolemy III (246-221BC) invaded the empire of Seleucus II (246-226 BC) Jerome describe this invasion on page 123 of his commentary on Daniel.
Verse 9 prophecies that Seleucus II would invade Egypt but would not be successful. This was answered in 240 BC when Seleucus II invaded Egypt but lost & had to return to his own land in shame.
NASB New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © The Lockman Foundation 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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