◄570-450 BC | Timeline 470-350 BC (The Return From Exile) | 350-230 BC►

The Above Chart will print on 8 1/2 X 14 legal size paper.
Just RIGHT CLICK on the above chart, Select SAVE PICTURE AS & save the "JPG" file to your PC
& print it using any ClipArt Program
If you require more detail you can download the above chart in a Adobe PDF file and view it using a free PDF Viewer program.
Get Timeline PDF File
 
Notes on the Nations
Books of the Bible
Notes on Israel
   Persian Empire 550-358BC
               Holman Bible Dictionary
           Xerxes 486-465BC (22)
               ISBE
          Artaxerxes I 465-424BC (41)
               ISBE
               Fausset's Bible Dictionary
               Smith's Bible Dictionary
              Nave's Topics
          Darius II 424-404BC (19)
          Artaxerxes II 404-358BC (46)
          Artaxerxes III 358-337BC (21)
 
    Book Name Ezra
    Dates covered c. 540-? BC
    Date written

c. 458-? BC

    Author

Ezra

 
    Book Name

Nehemiah

    Dates covered c. 445-? BC
    Date written

c. 445-? BC

    Author

Nehemiah

 
    Book Name

Malachi

    Dates covered

c. 425-400 BC

    Date written

c. 425-400 BC

    Author

Malachi

 
End of the Old Testament Canon - c. 400 BC
 
    Links
         The Levite Towns Through-out Israel
          The Gods of the Canaanites
         The 12 Judges Of Israel
 

      Ezra c. 458-? BC
           ISBE
           Fausset's Bible Dictionary
           Smith's Bible Dictionary
          Nave's Topics
      Malachi c. 425-400 BC
           ISBE
           Fausset's Bible Dictionary
           Nave's Topics

   The Kingdom of Greece 359-323 BC
          Philip of Macedonia 359-336BC (23)
 

   Kingdom of Egypt (?-30 BC)
              Holman Bible Dictionary
      27th Dynasty (121) 525 - 404BC
          Egypt Ruled by Persia
      28th Dynasty (6) 404 - 398BC
          Amyrtaeus (6) 404-398
      29th Dynasty (18) 398 - 380BC
          Nefaarud I (5) 398-393BC
          Psammuthes (1) 393BC
          Hakor (Achoris) (13) 393-380BC
          Nefaarud II (1) 380BC
      30th Dynasty (37) 380 - 343BC
         Nectanebo I (18) 380-362BC
         Teos (2) 362-360BC
         Nectanebo II (17) 360-343BC
 
                                                    

  Governors of Judea
     Ahzai (25) 470-445BC
      Nehemiah c. 445-? BC
           ISBE
           Fausset's Bible Dictionary
           Smith's Bible Dictionary
          Nave's Topics
     ???? (23) 433-c.410BC
     Bagohi (Bigvai) (40) c.410-370 BC
     Yehezqiyah (Hezekiah) (37) 370-333 BC
 

  High Priests
     Joiakim 495-450
           ISBE
           Fausset's Bible Dictionary
           Smith's Bible Dictionary
          Nave's Topics
     Eliashib 450-432BC
           ISBE
           Fausset's Bible Dictionary
           Smith's Bible Dictionary
          Nave's Topics
     Joiada 431-410BC
           ISBE
           Fausset's Bible Dictionary
          Nave's Topics
     Johanan 410-370BC
           ISBE
           Fausset's Bible Dictionary
           Smith's Bible Dictionary
          Nave's Topics
     Jaddua 370-320BC
           ISBE
           Fausset's Bible Dictionary
           Smith's Bible Dictionary
 

         Maps
               The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah (1)
               The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah (2)
               The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah (3)
               Trade Routes throughout the Middle East
               Travel Routes throughout Palestine
               Judah during the Exile
               The Kingdom of Judah
               Exile; Palestine in the Post-Exilic Period
               Jewish Exiles in Babylon
               Jewish Refugees in Egypt
               World Powers of the 6th century BCE
               The Conquests of Cyrus the Great
               The Persian Empire
               The Return of the Jewish Exiles to Judah
               Judah in the 5th century BCE
               Palestine after the Exile
 

Notes on Israel's Involvement With the Nations

    

     Notes on Daniel’s Prophecy of the 70 Weeks

Dan 9:24-27 NASB "Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy {place.} "So you are to know and discern {that} from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince {there will be} seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. "Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end {will come} with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined. "And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations {will come} one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate."

     In this prophecy, Daniel is told the exact date that the Messiah would come to redeem Israel & the world. The Timetable starts “from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem”. This event happened on 14th March, B.C. 445 when the king of Persia Artaxerxes Longitmanus issued a decree that Nehemiah was to return to Israel & rebuild the walls of Jerusalem. The Prophecy on 6th April, A.D. 32 when The Messiah Jesus entered Jerusalem in Psalm Sunday.

 Daniel is told of 3 timelines
  1. Seven weeks - 49 years, until the city and its walls are rebuilt
  2. 69 weeks (7 plus 62), 483 years from the decree, until Messiah the Prince appears
  3. A final 70th week to complete the prophecy

     The Hebrew word for “Weeks” (shabuwa or שבדצ) actually means seven or period of seven & can mean 7 days (Week) or 7 years (Sabbatical Year). So in this passage the term weeks should be read as 70 Sabbatical Years or 70 X 7 years. The Nation of Israel at the time of Daniel was using a calendar based on 12 lunar months of 30 days or 360 day years with an extra month added every few years to reset the calendar also known as a “Prophetic Year”.  The 70 X 7 must be based on this 360 day Prophetic Year (see also Rev 11:3 where 1260 days = 42 months = 3 ½ years)

Seven weeks and sixty-two weeks

     The first part of this timeline called “seven weeks” are 7 X 7 or 49 years refers to the actual rebuilding of Jerusalem that took 49 years

    The second part of this prophecy called “seven weeks and sixty-two weeks” Includes the above 7 weeks plus the 62 weeks for a total of 69 weeks or 69 Prophetic Years. According to Sir Robert Anderson in his book Daniel in the Critic's Den these 69 Prophetic Years add up to 173,880 and when recalculated into Julian Years of 365 days ends on 6th April, A.D. 32 or that exact day that Jesus entered Jerusalem on Psalm Sunday

     The Julian date of that 10th Nisan was Sunday the 6th April, A.D. 32.1 What then was the length of the period intervening between the issuing of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem and this public advent of" Messiah the Prince "- between the 14th March, B.C. 445, and the 6th April, A.D. 32? THE INTERVAL WAS EXACTLY AND TO THE VERY DAY 173,880 DAYS, OR SEVEN TIMES SIXTY-NINE PROPHETIC YEARS OF 360 DAYS.

     From B.C. 445 to AD. 32 is 476 years 273,740 days (476 X 365)+116 days for leap years. And from 14th March to 6th April (reckoned inclusively according to Jewish practice) is 24 days. But 173,740+116+24=173,880. And 69 X 7X 360= 173,880.
Chapter 9 Daniel in the Critic's Den

The 70th week

     The last week or the 70th week is still to come & refers to the 7 years of the tribulation period where The “Prince” or Anti-Christ will Stop the daily sacrifice & declare himself God. After this, he will attack the nation of Israel & finish the prophecy


     Notes on Daniel’s vision of World history from Cyrus to the Time of the End 

Dan 11:1 "In the first year of Darius the Mede, I arose to be an encouragement and a protection for him. NASB
Dan 11:2  "And now I will tell you the truth. Behold, three more kings are going to arise in Persia. Then a fourth will gain far more riches than all {of them;} as soon as he becomes strong through his riches, he will arouse the whole {empire} against the realm of Greece. NASB

Daniel is told this vision in “first year of Darius the Mede” or 539 BC & covers the next 200 years of the future. The prophecy is so accurate that all liberal atheists believe that the Book of Daniel had to be written much later. Their so-called “Logic” runs as follows:

  1. There is no God because we say there is none.

  2. Without a God, no one can predict the future.

  3. The Book of Daniel predicts the future so perfectly that if had to be written long after Daniel was dead because of # 1 & 2 above. 

According to this prophecy, there would be three more Persian kings & then a forth on would arise that would make war on Greece with a very large army (“arouse the whole empire”). The King of Persia when Daniel receives the vision is Cyrus (550-530BC) so the prophecy begins with his successors. The 3 kings the succeed Cyrus are
  1. Cambyses 530-522BC
  2. Smerdis 522BC
  3. Darius I 522-486BC
See Timeline 570-450 BC (The Exile Part 2)

The forth King to stand up would then be Xerxes 486-465BC. In 480, Xerxes attacked the Greek Mainland & began a 200 year rivalry between the two powers ending only when Alexander the Great defeated Persia. Notice the prophecy never says that there will only be 4 Persian kings, only that 4 will arise – it then skips the rest Persian history. 

Dan 11:3   "And a mighty king will arise, and he will rule with great authority and do as he pleases. NASB
Dan 11:4   "But as soon as he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out toward the four points of the compass, though not to his {own} descendants, nor according to his authority which he wielded, for his sovereignty will be uprooted and {given} to others besides them. NASB

With verse 3, the prophecy jumps to 336 BC & speaks of

  1. A mighty king who does as he pleases
  2. When he is at the peek of his live, his empire is split up into 4 smaller empires none of which are given to any of his offspring. 

In 336 BC, a man takes the throne in Greece. Within 13 years, he will conquer Persia as well as the rest of the Known world. This man was Alexander the Great. & in his 33rd year of life he will die & his vast empire would be split up between his 4 generals & his only offspring will be killed thus answering this part of the prophecy perfectly. See Timeline 350-230 BC (Inter-Testamental Period Part 1)


NASB New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © The Lockman Foundation 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995. All rights reserved. Used by permission.

 

 
Back to the Timeline Page
Back to Bible Page
Back to Chip of the Old Rock