◄240-120 BC | Timeline 120-1 BC (Inter-Testamental Period Part 3) | 10 BC-110 AD►

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Notes on the Nations
Books of the Bible
Notes on Israel
    Kingdom of the Seleucids 323-64BC
          Antiochus VII 139-127BC (12)

End of the Old Testament Canon - c. 400 BC

          Antiochus VIII (Epiphanes Philomater Callinicus "Grypus") 125-96BC(29)
          Antiochus IX 115-95BC (19)
          Seleucus VI 95-64BC (31)
                      64BC Pompey Made Syria A Roman Province

   Kingdom of Egypt (?-30 BC)
              Holman Bible Dictionary
   Kingdom of the Ptolemys 323-30BC
          Ptolemy VII (Evergetes II) 145-116BC (30)
          Ptolemy VIII (Soter II) 116-108BC (8)
          Ptolemy IX 108-88BC (20)
          Ptolemy VIII (Soter II) (Again) 88-80BC (8)
          Ptolemy XI (Auletes) 80-51BC (29)
          Ptolemy XII 51-47BC (4)
          Ptolemy XIII 47-43BC (4)
          Cleopatra VII 51-30BC (21)
                    30BC Augustus Made Egypt A Roman Province

          War Against The Cimbri & Teutones 113-101BC
          Julius Caesar (Gaius Julius Caesar) 100-44BC
          Pompey (Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) 106-48BC
          1st Triumuirate Caesar, Crassus & Pompey 60-59BC
          2nd Triumvirate Octavian, Mark Antony & Lepidus 43-31BC
          Mark Antony c. January 14, 83 BC – August 1, 30 BC
          Octavian (Augustus Caesar) 31BC-14AD

   Kingdom of Herod (37-4BC)
          Herod The Great 37-4BC (33)
            Fausset's Bible Dictionary
            Smith's Bible Dictionary
           Nave's Topics

  The Maccabeans (Hasmonean Kingdom) 167-37BC
                Smith's Bible Dictionary
     John Hyrcanus I Leader/High Priest 134-104BC
     Aristobulus I Leader/High Priest 104-103BC
     Alexander Janneus Leader/High Priest 103-76BC (27)
     Alexandra Leader 76-67BC (9)
     John Hyrcanus II High Priest 76-66BC
     Aristobulus II Leader/High Priest 66-63BC (3)
     John Hyrcanus II Leader/High Priest 63-40BC (Again)
     Antigonus II Leader/High Priest 40-37BC (3)

  High Priests after Herod appointed King by Rome
     Ananelus 37-36 & 36-30BC
     Aristobulus III 36BC
     Joshua ben Fabus 30-23BC
     Simon ben Boethus 23-?BC
            The Boethusians
     Mattathias ben Theophilus ?-4BC
     Joazar ben Boethus 4BC
     Eleazar ben Boethus 4-3BC
     Joshua ben Sie 3BC-6AD

               Palestine after the Exile
               Alexander the Great's Empire
               The Division of Alexander's Empire ca. 275 BCE
               Palestine under the Ptolemies
               The Seleucid Empire and Antiochus III

Notes on Israel's Involvement With the Nations


    Notes on Daniel’s Prophecy of the 70 Weeks

Dan 9:24-27 NASB "Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy {place.} "So you are to know and discern {that} from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince {there will be} seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. "Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end {will come} with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined. "And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations {will come} one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate."

     In this prophecy, Daniel is told the exact date that the Messiah would come to redeem Israel & the world. The Timetable starts “from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem”. This event happened on 14th March, B.C. 445 when the king of Persia Artaxerxes Longitmanus issued a decree that Nehemiah was to return to Israel & rebuild the walls of Jerusalem. The Prophecy on 6th April, A.D. 32 when The Messiah Jesus entered Jerusalem in Psalm Sunday.

 Daniel is told of 3 timelines
  1. Seven weeks - 49 years, until the city and its walls are rebuilt
  2. 69 weeks (7 plus 62), 483 years from the decree, until Messiah the Prince appears
  3. A final 70th week to complete the prophecy

     The Hebrew word for “Weeks” (shabuwa or שבדצ) actually means seven or period of seven & can mean 7 days (Week) or 7 years (Sabbatical Year). So in this passage the term weeks should be read as 70 Sabbatical Years or 70 X 7 years. The Nation of Israel at the time of Daniel was using a calendar based on 12 lunar months of 30 days or 360 day years with an extra month added every few years to reset the calendar also known as a “Prophetic Year”.  The 70 X 7 must be based on this 360 day Prophetic Year (see also Rev 11:3 where 1260 days = 42 months = 3 ½ years)

Seven weeks and sixty-two weeks

     The first part of this timeline called “seven weeks” are 7 X 7 or 49 years refers to the actual rebuilding of Jerusalem that took 49 years

    The second part of this prophecy called “seven weeks and sixty-two weeks” Includes the above 7 weeks plus the 62 weeks for a total of 69 weeks or 69 Prophetic Years. According to Sir Robert Anderson in his book Daniel in the Critic's Den these 69 Prophetic Years add up to 173,880 and when recalculated into Julian Years of 365 days ends on 6th April, A.D. 32 or that exact day that Jesus entered Jerusalem on Psalm Sunday

     The Julian date of that 10th Nisan was Sunday the 6th April, A.D. 32.1 What then was the length of the period intervening between the issuing of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem and this public advent of" Messiah the Prince "- between the 14th March, B.C. 445, and the 6th April, A.D. 32? THE INTERVAL WAS EXACTLY AND TO THE VERY DAY 173,880 DAYS, OR SEVEN TIMES SIXTY-NINE PROPHETIC YEARS OF 360 DAYS.

     From B.C. 445 to AD. 32 is 476 years 273,740 days (476 X 365)+116 days for leap years. And from 14th March to 6th April (reckoned inclusively according to Jewish practice) is 24 days. But 173,740+116+24=173,880. And 69 X 7X 360= 173,880.
Chapter 9 Daniel in the Critic's Den

The 70th week

     The last week or the 70th week is still to come & refers to the 7 years of the tribulation period where The “Prince” or Anti-Christ will Stop the daily sacrifice & declare himself God. After this, he will attack the nation of Israel & finish the prophecy

New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © The Lockman Foundation 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995. All rights reserved. Used by permission.


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