Funereal Duskywing Butterfly
Taxonomic Hierarchy Photo
Kingdom: Animalia -- animal
Phylum: Arthropoda -- arthropods
      Subphylum: Hexapoda -- hexapods
Class: hexapoda -- insects

      Subclass:

Pterygota -- iwinged insects
           Infraclass: Neoptera -- modern, wing-folding insects
Order: Lepidoptera -- butterflies, moths
Superfamily: Hesperioidea -- Skippers
      Family: Hesperiidae -- Skippers
           Subfamily: Pyrginae -- Spread-wing Skippers
Genus: Erynnis
Species: Erynnis funeralis

United States Range Map

 

California Range Map

Adult Sexes Similar

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Identification:   Life history:
Forewing is narrow and pointed, hindwing is somewhat triangular. Upperside of wing is black; forewing has a dull brown patch at the end of the cell. Hindwing has white fringe on the outer margin. Male has a costal fold containing yellow scent scales; female has a patch of scent scales on the 7th abdominal segment.   Life history: Eggs are laid singly under host plant leaves. Caterpillars feed on leaves and rest in shelters of rolled or tied leaves. Caterpillars from the last brood hibernate.
Flight:   Wing Span:
Three broods from March-December.   1 5/16 - 1 3/4 inches (3.4 - 4.5 cm).

Caterpillar Hosts:

  Adult Food:
Various legumes including New Mexican locust (Robinia neomexicana), bur clover (Medicago hispida), deerweed (Lotus scoparius), desert ironwood (Olneya tesota), and vetch (Vicia species).   Flower nectar.
Habitat:   Season:
Deserts, warm or arid lowlands, roadsides.    
Remarks:   Conservation:
    Not usually required.

NatureServe Global Status: Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Sources used to Construct this Page:  
            
 

Additional Photos

Adult Sexes Similar

       
 

All photos 2008 Rick Swartzentrover - Free for non-profit use.

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Global ranks indicate the rarity of a species at a global scale. Species may be fairly common globally but imperiled locally. Global ranks have the following meaning:

  • G1 - Critically Imperiled - At very high risk of extinction due to extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer populations), very steep declines, or other factors.
  • G2 - Imperiled - At high risk of extinction due to very restricted range, very few populations (often 20 or fewer), steep declines, or other factors.
  • G3 - Vulnerable - At moderate risk of extinction due to a restricted range, relatively few populations (often 80 or fewer), recent and widespread declines, or other factors.
  • G4 - Apparently Secure - Uncommon but not rare; some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors.
  • G5 - Secure - Common; widespread and abundant.
  • * ? or Q = status unknown or uncertain