The Biblical Names and Titles of Jesus Christ

Willmington's Guide to the Bible

It may be true that a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. But not so concerning Bible names, which often give keen insight into the lives of those who bear the titles. This is especially true concerning Christ. A wealth of information concerning his person and work can be obtained from studying the names and titles ascribed to him. Note some of these:

Adam (1 Cor. 15:45)

Advocate (1 Jn. 2:1)

Almighty (Rev. 1:8)

Amen (Rev. 3:14)

Angel of the Lord (Gen. 16:9-14; Jdg. 6:11-14)

Anointed (Ps. 2:2)

Apostle (Heb. 3:1)

Author (Heb. 12:2)

Alpha (Rev. 1:8; 21:6)

Babe (Lk. 2:16)

Beginning of creation (Rev. 3:14)

Begotten of Father (Jn. 1:14)

Beloved (Eph. 1:6)

Bishop (1 Pet. 2:25)

Blessed (1 Tim. 6:15)

Branch (Zech. 3:8)

Brazen Serpent (Jn. 3:14)

Bridegroom (Mt. 9:15)

Bright Morning Star (Rev. 22:16)

Captain (Josh. 5:4)

Carpenter (Mt. 13:55; Mk. 6:3)

Child (Isa. 9:6)

Christ (Mt. 1:16; 2:4)

Commander (Isa. 55:4)

Consolation of Israel (Lk. 2:25)

Cornerstone (Eph. 2:20)

Dayspring from on high (Lk. 1:78)

Day Star (2 Pet. 1:19)

Deliverer (Rom. 11:26)

Desire of nations (Hag. 2:7)

Door of the sheepfold (Jn. 10:7)

Emmanuel (Mt. 1:23)

Express image of God (Heb. 1:3)

Faithful witness (Rev. 1:5; 3:14; 19:11)

Father of eternity (Isa. 9:6)

First Fruits (1 Cor. 15:23)

Foundation (Isa. 28:16)

Fountain (Zech. 13:1)

Forerunner (Heb. 6:20)

Friend of sinners (Mt. 11:19)

Gift of God (2 Cor. 9:15)

Glory of God (Isa. 60:1)

God (Jn. 1:1; Rom. 9:5; 1 Tim. 3:16)

Governor (Mt. 2:6)

Guide (Ps. 48:14)

Head of Church (Col. 1:18)

Heir of all things (Heb. 1:2)

High Priest (Heb. 3:1; 7:1)

Holy Child (Acts 4:30)

Holy One of God (Mk. 1:24)

Holy One of Israel (Isa. 41:14)

Horn of salvation (Ps. 18:2)

I AM: He calls himself this name seven times in John’s Gospel:

I am the Bread of Life (6:35).

I am the Light of the World (9:5).

I am the Good Shepherd (10:11).

I am the Door (10:9).

I am the Resurrection (11:25).

I am the true Vine (15:1).

I am the Way (14:6).

Jehovah (Isa. 26:4; 40:3)

Jesus (Mt. 1:21)

Judge (Micah 5:1; Acts 10:42)

King:

King of Israel (Mt. 27:42; Jn. 1:49)

King of kings (Rev. 17:14; 19:16)

Lamb of God (Jn. 1:29, 36)

Lawgiver (Isa. 33:22)

Lion of the tribe of Judah (Rev. 5:5)

Lord of lords (Rev. 19:16)

Man (Acts 17:31; 1 Tim. 2:5)

Master (Mt. 8:19)

Mediator (1 Tim. 2:5)

Messiah (Dan. 9:25; Jn. 1:41)

Mighty God (Isa. 9:6; 63:1)

Minister (Heb. 8:2)

Nazarene (Mk. 1:24)

Only begotten Son (Jn. 1:18)

Passover (1 Cor. 5:7)

Physician (Mt. 9:12)

Potentate (1 Tim. 6:15)

Prince (Acts 3:15; 5:31)

Prophet (Acts 3:22)

Propitiation (1 Jn. 2:2; 4:10)

Power of God (1 Cor. 1:24)

Purifier (Mal. 3:3)

Priest (Heb. 4:14)

Rabbi—On three well-known occasions he was called by this name:

by Nicodemus (Jn. 3:2)

by Judas (Mt. 26:25)

by Mary Magdalene (Jn. 20:16).

Ransom (1 Tim. 2:6)

Reaper (Rev. 14:15)

Redeemer (Isa. 59:20; 60:16)

Refiner (Mal. 3:3)

Refuge (Isa. 25:4)

Righteousness (Jer. 23:6; 33:16)

Rock (Deut. 32:15)

Rod (Isa. 11:1)

Root of David (Rev. 22:16)

Rose of Sharon (Song of Sol. 2:1)

Sacrifice (Eph. 5:2)

Samaritan (Good) (Lk. 10:33)

Savior—he was called Savior by:

his mother (Lk. 1:47)

the angels (Lk. 2:11)

the men of Samaria (Jn. 4:42)

Second Man (1 Cor. 15:47)

Seed of Abraham (Gal. 3:16, 19)

Seed of David (2 Tim. 2:8)

Seed of the woman (Gen. 3:15)

Servant (Isa. 42:1; 49:5-7)

Shepherd:

The Chief Shepherd (1 Pet. 5:4)

The Good Shepherd (Jn. 10:11, 14)

The Great Shepherd (Heb. 13:20)

My Shepherd (Ps. 23:1)

Shiloh (Gen. 49:10)

Son of David—he was called by this name by the following:

two blind men in Capernaum (Mt. 9:27)

the Syro-Phoenician woman (Mt. 15:22)

two blind men in Jericho (one named Bartimaeus; Mt. 20:30; Mk. 10:46, 47)

the Palm Sunday crowd (Mt. 21:9)

Son of God—Christ refers to himself by this name on only two occasions: John 9:35; 10:36. But many in the Gospels call him this:

Satan (Mt. 4:3, 6)

Gabriel (Lk. 1:35)

a demon (Mt. 8:29; Lk. 4:41)

a disciple (Mt. 14:33)

Peter (Mt. 16:16)

Martha (Jn. 11:27)

Nathanael (Jn. 1:49)

a centurion (Mt. 27:54)

Son of man: his favorite name for himself. According to his own testimony, the Son of man:

Came not to be ministered to (Mt. 20:28).

Came to seek and save that which was lost (Mt. 18:11).

Can alone forgive sin (Mt. 9:6).

Had not where to lay his head (Mt. 8:20).

Is Lord of the Sabbath (Lk. 6:5).

Would be betrayed (Mt. 17:22).

Should suffer (Mt. 17:12).

Would be lifted up (Jn. 3:14).

Would be three days in the heart of the earth (Mt. 12:40).

Would be raised from the dead (Mt. 17:9).

Will come again in the glory of his Father (Mt. 16:27; 24:30).

Will send forth his angels (Mt. 13:41).

Shall sit upon the throne of his glory (Mt. 19:28).

Son of Mary (Mk. 6:3).

Son of the Most High (Lk. 1:32)

Stone (Mt. 21:42; Mk. 12:10; Acts 4:11; Rom. 9:32, 33; Eph. 2:20; 1 Pet. 2:6, 7)

Sun of Righteousness (Mal. 4:2)

Teacher (Master) (Mt. 26:18; Jn. 3:2; 11:28)

Wonderful (Isa. 9:6)

Word—the Apostle John’s favorite name for Christ (Jn. 1:1; Rev. 19:13)


Taken from: Willmington's Guide to the Bible  1981, 1984 by H. L. Willmington.