The Humanity of Jesus Christ

Willmington's Guide to the Bible

A. He had a human parentage (Lk. 1:31; Gal. 4:4).

B. He had a human body, soul, and spirit.

1. Body.

"For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did it for my burial" (Mt. 26:12).

2. Soul.

"Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour" (Jn. 12:27).

"Then said he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me" (Mt. 26:38).

3. Spirit.

"And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?" (Mk. 2:8).

"And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost" (Lk. 23:46).

C. He looked like a man.

1. To a Samaritan woman.

"Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans" (Jn. 4:9).

2. To the Jews.

"Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?" (Jn. 8:57).

3. To Mary.

"Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away" (Jn. 20:15).

4. He possessed flesh and blood (Heb. 2:14).

5. He grew (Lk. 2:40).

6. He asked questions (Lk. 2:46).

7. He increased in wisdom (Lk. 2:52).

8. He was limited in knowledge. Here it should be pointed out that this limitation was self-imposed. According to Philippians 2:5-8 (a passage we will examine in great detail in a later part of the study), Christ voluntarily abstained from using (yet always retained) certain divine attributes while here on earth, that he might totally depend upon the power and wisdom of the Holy Spirit. This fact helps explain the following passages:

"And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about in the press, and said, Who touched my clothes?" (Mk. 5:30).

"And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see" (Jn. 11:34).

"And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet" (Mk. 11:13).

"But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father" (Mk. 13:32).

9. He prayed (Mk. 1:35; Lk. 11:1).

10. He was tempted (Mt. 4:1; Heb. 2:18; 4:15).

11. He learned obedience (Heb. 5:8).

12. He hungered.

"And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward ahungered" (Mt. 4:2).

"Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered" (Mt. 21:18).

13. He thirsted.

"There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink" (Jn. 4:7).

"After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst" (Jn. 19:28).

14. He was weary (Jn. 4:6).

15. He slept.

"And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep" (Mt. 8:24).

16. He loved.

"Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me" (Mk. 10:21).

17. He had compassion.

"But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd" (Mt. 9:36).

18. He was angered and grieved.

"And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other" (Mk. 3:5).

19. He wept.

"Jesus wept" (Jn. 11:35).

"And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it" (Lk. 19:41).

20. He experienced joy.

"Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God" (Heb. 12:2).

"In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight" (Lk. 10:21).

21. He was troubled.

"When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled" (Jn. 11:33).

"Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour" (Jn. 12:27).

"When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me" (Jn. 13:21).

"And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; and saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here and watch" (Mk. 14:33, 34).

22. He sweat drops as of blood (Lk. 22:44).

23. He suffered (1 Pet. 4:1).

24. He bled (Jn. 19:34).

25. He died (Mt. 27:50; 1 Cor. 15:3).

26. He was buried (Mt. 27:59, 60).


Taken from: Willmington's Guide to the Bible  1981, 1984 by H. L. Willmington.