[Copyright by W. R. HARPER, 1887.]
PREPARED BY PROFESSORS W. R. HARPER (Yale University), W. G. BALLANTINE (Oberlin Theol. Sem.), WILLIS J. BEECHER (Auburn Theol. Sem.), and G. S. BURROUGHS (Amherst College).
Eighth Study.—David's Reign from the Completion of His Conquests.
[The material of this "study" is furnished by Professors Beecher and Burroughs. It is edited by Professor Harper.]
I. PRELIMINARY NOTES.
1. This "study," particularly when considered in connection with the view of David's history which is presented1 is not only biographical in character, but also psychological.
2. Note how the private life of David, particularly his sin and its consequences, stands in relation to the general history.
3. Note, again, how this history—the course of events—
4. Note, still further, how the history of Israel, not only at this period, but also subsequently, was shaped and colored by David's inmost thought and act.
II. THE BIBLICAL LESSON.
[The literature of this " study" has been already given in connection with "study" seven.]
Prepare for recitation the remaining parts of 2 Samuel, with the parallel passages:
III. HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND BIOGRAPHICAL TOPICS.
1. Removal of the Ark to Jerusalem (6; 1 Chron. 13; 15; 16).
2. Tribal Jealousies.
3. Various Readings. Note the readings from the LXX. as found in Kirkpatrick's 2 Samuel, especially the following, 6: 2,3,4; 7: 23; 13:16,21,34; 15:18,27; 21:1; 24: 23.
4. Parallel Pentateuchal Passages.
5. Nathan's Prophecy and David's Prayer.5 2 Sam. 7.
6. Absalom, Ahithophel, etc.
7. David's Character.
8. Numbering of the People.
9. David's Reign and Life.
1. Indicate on the map the route of the bringing up of the ark and the localities of the two centers of worship (1 Chron. 16: 37,39).
2. Indicate the places connected with the career of Absalom.
IV. QUESTIONS FOR PRACTICAL WORK.
1. Show the difference between receiving forgiveness of sin and escaping its consequences. Emphasize, in the light of this distinction, the danger and terribleness of sin.
2. Notice the interpenetration of life, both individual and social. Emphasize, in this connection, the great responsibility for its consequences which sin brings with it.
3. In view of the wide-reaching influence of even a single life upon the progress of mankind and the divine plan for the world, point out the absolute necessity of reliance upon divine grace that we fall not into sin.
1) See also, especially, remarks regarding this matter in the previous "study."
2) The view of the history underlying this arrangement of topics is peculiar in the following respects: (1) in placing the bringing of the ark to Jerusalem after David's conquests (see note on last "study"); (2) in accepting as correct the phrase "at an end of forty years," 15:7, and holding that Absalom's rebellion broke out at the close of the fortieth year of David's reign, that is, at the beginning of the last year of his reign; (3)in recognizing the undoubted fact that there should be a paragraph division after the first clause of 1 Chron.29:22 (see Jour. of Soc. of Bib. Lit. and Exeg., 1885, p. 73); the sacrificial feast on such occasions belongs after the transaction of the important business, and not before; that clause closes the account of the first proclaiming of Solomon as king; the account that follows, that of his being made king the second time, is of a different and later event. These points being accepted, the order of the events will be seen to be that implied in the order of the topics given. Very likely the assembly when Solomon was proclaimed the first time, 1 Chron.23:1;28;29,was at the close of the fortieth year of David, 1 Chron. 26:31, just before the breaking out of the rebellion, and the direct occasion of the outbreak. From the time of the death of Absalom, David was heart-broken; he soon fell into the condition of illness described in 1 Kgs.1, and never rallied from it. except partially, to accomplish the coronation of Solomon.—W. J. B.
3) In connection with these Biblical Lessons the attention of the student may well be directed to Bartlett &Peter's "The Scriptures, Hebrew and Christian," a book which in purpose and execution will be found most admirably adapted to the needs of a student of the Bible. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
4) See Introd. to Kirkpatrick's2 Samuel, pp. 46,47.
5) See Briggs' "Messianic Prophecy," chap. 5, especially pp. 126-132; von Orelli's " O. T. Prophecy," pp. 150-152; Kirkpatrick's 2 Samuel, appendix, note 1, p. 233.
6) Where the translation here given of these phrases differs from that in the versions, the difference is for the purpose of showing the technical form of the Hebrew.
7) The student must exercise care and determination not to form his opinions regarding these and other Scripture characters from general knowledge, but should very thoughtfully study the Scripture text.
8) See Kirkpatrick's 2 Samuel, appendix, note 5, The Numbering of the People.