[Copyright by W. R. HARPER, 1887.]
PREPARED BY PROFESSORS W. R. HARPER (Yale University), W. G. BALLANTINE (Oberlin Theol. Sem.), WILLIS J. BEECHER (Auburn Theol. Sem.), and G. S. BURROUGHS (Amherst College).
[The material of this "study" is furnished largely by Professor Beecher, though in part by Professors Burroughs and Harper. It is edited by Professor Harper.]
I. PRELIMINARY NOTES.
[These "notes," though in small type, are introductory both to the short and to the long courses.]
1. Plan. In these "studies" it is proposed to furnish directions for definite work, suggestions as to the best methods of work, references to the best authorities on general and particular topics. The plan of the " studies," as well as the space allotted them, forbids the furnishing of any considerable amount of material.
2. Subject. The Bible itself, not men's ideas about the Bible, will be studied. The events of Bible-history will be taken up in order, and along with these events the different Old Testament writings connected with them.
3. Form. The matter in large type will in itself be complete, and the course thus outlined is intended for those whose time for the study of the lessons is quite limited. The matter in small type is supplementary, for the use of students who have more time. To accomplish the best results, both parts of the " study" should be taken.
II. HISTORICAL AND LITERARY.
1. Classification of Books.
2. Periods of O. T. History.
3. Sources of Information.
4. Special Topics.
5. Distribution of the Books. Either because of the date when they were written, or because of the connection between their contents and the events of the periods, the following books come within the scope of these studies:
6. Chronology. For events previous to the later Assyrian period the chronology will not be given in terms of the year B. C. The differences of opinion are here so radical that such dates can be nothing but a source of confusion, except to one who has studied the conflicting systems now current; but one can gain a clear time-conception of these events if he will keep distinct
1. Study upon a map the outline of Palestine, until you can draw, rapidly and without aid, a rough sketch of the country, including
3. Locate upon the map ten of the principal mountains and cities or villages, calculating their relative distances from one another, and indicating the routes of communication between them.4
4. As an exercise, combining history and geography, select particular sites, e. g., Bethel (1 Sam. 7: 16),and
1) Helpful information in connection with these studies will be found in Smith's "Bible Dictionary," Boston, Houghton,Mfflin & Co.; the Schaff-Herzog "Enc. of Biblical Knowledge," New York, Funk & Wagnalls; McClintock and Strong's "Cyclop.," New York, Haper Brothers; Geikie's " Hours with the Bible," New York, James Pott & Co.; Stanley's " Jewish Church," New York, Chas. Scribner's Sons; Lenormant's "Ancient History of the East," book ii.; Blaikie's " Bible History," including history of social life, the history of other nations, etc., New York, T. Nelson & Sons; Smith's "O. T. History;" Briggs' "Bible Study" and "Messianic Prophecy," New York, Chas. Scrbner's Sons; Orelli's " O. T. Prophecy," New York, Scribner& Welford; Delitzsch's "O. T. History of Redemption," New York, Scribner & Welford; Edersheim's "Prophecy and History in Relation to the Messiah," New York, A. D. F. Radolph, etc.
Among commentaries should be placed first, for convenience of size, cheapness of cost, and concise, valuable information, the series in the "Cambridge Bible for Schools," e. g., Kirkpatrick's 1 and 2 Samuel,2 vols., price 3s. 6d. each; handy, condensed, clear, with Introduction, Appendix, and Index; good books to buy. Valuable are Lange's Commentaries, New York, Chas. Seriber's Sons; Keil and Delitzsch's Commentaries,New York, Seribner& Welford; The Pulp i Commentary, New York, A. D. F. Randolph.
2) The Psalms whose claim to belong to this class should be considered, include, among others, the following classes: (1) Those of the first of the five books of the Psalter, (2) all additional Psalms that, in the Hebrew, and therefore in the English, have the name of David, Asaph, Heman, and Ethan or Jeduthun in their titles, and (3) all additional Psalms that seem to be attributed to David by the New Testament, the books of Chronicles, the additional titles found in the Septuagint, or other ancient sources of information. Of course we cannot delay to determine in how many cases the considering of these claims would result in substantiating them, and this is unnecessary, since our study must, at best, include but a few of the whole number.
3) Henderson, "Palestine " (Hand-books for Bible-classes), Edinburgh, T.&T. Clark; Hurlbut, "Manual of Biblical Geography," Chicago, Rand, MeNally & Co.; H. B. Tristram, "The Topography of the Holy Land; The Natural History of the Bible," New York, James Pott & Co.; Merrill's " East of the Jordan," New York, Chas. Scrbner's Sons; "The Land of Moab," New York, Harper Brothers; Stanley's "Sinai and Palestine," New York, A. C. Armstrong & Son; the well known "The Land and the Book " of W. M. Thomson, New York, Harper &Brothers; "Tent Work in Palestine," C. R. Conder, New York, D. Appleton & Co.; the books of Edward Robinson, "Physical Geography of the Holy Land," "Biblical Researches in Palestine and in the Adjacent Regions," " Later Biblical Researches," etc., Boston, Houghton, Miffin & Co. Particularly serviceable are the articles in Smith's " Bible Dictionary."
4) The student is recommended to purchase the cheap wall-map prepared by Dr. H. S. Osborn, Oxford, Ohio, or for more accurate study the maps of Western Palestine, published by the Palestine Exploration Fund, illustrating the Old Testament. London, Edward Stanford.
5) Gen. 28:19; 12:8; 13:8; 81:13; 35:1, 8, 6, 8,15,16; Josh. 7:2; 8:9, 12, 17; 12:9, 16; 16:1, 2; 8:1 13,22; Jud. 1:22,23; 4:6; 21:19; 1Sam. 7:16; 10:3; 13:2; 30:27; 1 Kgs. 12:29,32,33; 13:1,4,10,11, 32; 2 Kgs. 2:2,3, 23; 10:29; 17:28; 23:4,1,17, 19; 1Chron.7:28; 2 Chron. 13:19; Ez.2:28; Neh. 7:82; 11:31;Jer. 48:13; Hos. 10:15; 12:4; Amos.8:14; 4:4; 5:5,6; 7:10,13.