The 613 Commands in the Old Testament


The Positive Commandments:

1. Believing in God

2. Unity of God

3. Love of God

4. Fear of God

5. Worshipping God

6. Cleaving to God

7. Taking an oath by God's name

8. Walking in God's ways

9. Sanctifying God's name

10. Reading the Shema

11. Studying the Torah

12. The Phylactery of the head

13. The Phylactery of the arm

14. The Fringes

15. The Mezuzah

16. The Assembly during the Feast of Tabernacles

17. A king to write a Scroll of the Law

18. Acquiring a Scroll of Law

19. Grace after meals

20. Building the Sanctuary

21. Revering the Sanctuary

22. Guarding the Sanctuary

23. Levitical services in the Sanctuary

24. Ablutions of the Priests

25. Priests kindling the lamps

26. Priests blessing Israel

27. The Showbread

28. Burning the Incense

29. The perpetual fire on the Altar

30. Removing the ashes from the Altar

31. Removing the unclean

32. Honoring the Priests

33. The Priestly Garments

34. The Priests bearing the Ark

35. The Oil of Anointment

36. Priests ministering the courses

37. Priests defiling themselves for deceased relatives

38. The High Priest marrying only a virgin

39. The daily Burnt-offering

40. The High Priest's daily Meal-offering

41. The Sabbath Additional Offering

42. The New Moon Additional Offering

43. The Passover Addition Offering

44. The Meal-Offering of the new barley

45. The Shevuoth Addition Offering

46. The bringing of the two loaves on Shevuoth

47. The New Year Additional Offering

48. The tenth day of Tishri Additional Offering

49. The Service of the Day of Atonement

50. The Feast of Tabernacles Additional Offering

51. The Shemini Atzereth Additional Offering

52. The three annual pilgrimages

53. Appearing before the Lord during the Festivals

54. Rejoicing on the Festivals

55. Slaughtering the Passover-offering

56. Eating the Passover-offering

57. Slaughtering the second Passover-offering

58. Eating the second Passover-offering

59. Blowing the trumpets in the Sanctuary

60. Offering cattle of a minimum age

61. Offering only unblemished sacrifices

62. Salt being brought with every offering

63. The Burnt-offering

64. The Sin-offering

65. The Guilt-offering

66. The Peace-offering

67. The Meal-offering

68. Offering of a Court that has erred

69. The Fixed Sin-offering

70. The Suspensive Guilt-offering

71. The Unconditional Guilt-offering

72. The Offering of Higher or Lower Value

73. Making confession

74. Offering brought by a zav

75. Offering brought by a zavah

76. The offering after childbirth

77. Offering brought by a leper

78. The Tithe of cattle

79. Sanctifying the first-born

80. Redeeming the first-born

81. Redeeming the firstling of an ass

82. Breaking the neck of the firstling of an ass

83. Bring due offering on the first festivals

84. All offering to be brought to the Sanctuary

85. All offering due from outside the Land of Israel to be brought to the Sanctuary

86. Redeeming blemished offerings

87. Holiness of substituted offering

88. The Priests eating the residue of the Meal-offerings

89. The Priests eating the meat of Consecrated Offerings

90. Consecrated Offerings that have become unclean to be burnt

91. The remnant of Consecrated Offerings to be burnt

92. The Nazirite to let his hair grow

93. Nazirite obligations on completion of vow

94. All oral commitments to be fulfilled

95. Revocation of vows

96. Defilement through the carcasses of animals

97. Defilement through the carcasses of certain creeping creatures

98. Defilement of food and drink

99. The menstruant

100. After childbirth

101. The leper

102. Garments contaminated by leprosy

103. A leprous house

104. The Zav

105. Semen

106. The Zavah

107. Uncleanness of a corpse

108. Law of the water of sprinkling

109. Immersing in a ritual bath

110. Cleansing from leprosy

111. A leper to shave his head

112. The leper to be made distinguishable

113. The ashes of the red heifer

114. Valuation of a person

115. Valuation of beasts

116. Valuation of houses

117. Valuation of fields

118. Restitution for sacrilege

119. The fruits of fourth-year plantings

120. Peah for the poor

121. Gleaning for the poor

122. The forgotten sheaf for the poor

123. Defective grape-clusters for the poor

124. Grape-gleanings for the poor

125. First-fruits to be brought to the Sanctuary

126. The great heave-offering

127. The first tithe

128. The second tithe

129. The Levites' tithe for the Priests

130. The poor man's tithe

131. The avowal of the Tithe

132. Recital on bringing the first-fruits

133. The dough-offering

134. Renouncing as ownerless produce of the Sabbatical year

135. Resting the land during the Sabbatical year

136. Sanctifying the Jubilee year

137. Blowing the Shofar on the tenth day of Tishri in the Jubilee year

138. Reversion of land in the Jubilee year

139. Redemption of property in a walled city

140. Counting the years to the Jubilee

141. Canceling claims in the Sabbatical year

142. Exacting debts from Idolaters

143. The Priest's due in the slaughter of every clean animal

144. The first of the fleece to be given to the Priest

145. Devoted things

146. Shechitah

147. Covering the blood of slain birds and animals

148. Releasing a dam when taking its nest

149. Searching for prescribed tokens in cattle and animals

150. Searching for the prescribed token in birds

151. Searching for the prescribed tokens in grasshoppers

152. Searching for the prescribed tokens in fishes

153. Determining the New Moon

154. Resting on the Sabbath

155. Proclaiming the sanctity of the Sabbath

156. Removal of Leaven

157. Recounting the departure from Egypt

158. Unleavened bread to be eaten on the eve of the fifteenth day of Nisan

159. Resting on the first day of Pesach

160. Resting on the seventh day of Pesach

161. Counting the Omer

162. Resting on Shevuoth

163. Resting on Rosh Hashanah

164. Fasting on Yom Kippur

165. Resting on Yom Kippur

166. Resting on the first day of Sukkoth

167. Resting on Shemini Atzereth

168. Dwelling in a booth during Sukkoth

169. Taking a lulab on Sukkoth

170. Hearing the Shofar on Rosh Hashanah

171. Giving half a shekel annually

172. Heeding the Prophets

173. Appointing a king

174. Obeying the Great Court

175. Abiding by a majority decision

176. Appointing Judges and Officers of the Court

177. Treating litigants equally before the law

178. Testifying in Court

179. Inquiring into the testimony of witnesses

180. Condemning witnesses who testify falsely

181. Eglah Arufah

182. Establishing six Cities of Refuge

183. Assigning cities to the Levites

184. Removing sources of danger from our habitations

185. Destroying all idol-worship

186. The Law of the Apostate City

187. The Law of the Seven Nations

188. The extinction of Amalek

189. Remembering the nefarious deeds of Amalek

190. The Law of non-obligatory war

191. Appointing a Priest for war

192. Preparing a place beyond the camp

193. Including a paddle among war implements

194. A robber to restore the stolen article

195. Charity

196. Lavishing gifts on a Hebrew bondman on his freedom

197. Lending money to the poor

198. Interest

199. Restoring a pledge to a needy owner

200. Paying wages on time

201. An employee to be allowed to eat the produce among which he is working

202. Unloading a tired animal

203. Assisting the owner in lifting up his burden

204. Returning lost property to its owner

205. Rebuking the sinner

206. Loving our neighbor

207. Loving the stranger

208. The laws of weights and measures

209. Honoring scholars and the aged

210. Honoring parents

211. Respecting parents

212. "Be fruitful and multiply"

213. The law of marriage

214. The bridegroom devoting himself to his wife for one year

215. The law of circumcision

216. The law of levirate marriage

217. Chalitzah

218. A violater to marry the maiden whom he has violated

219. The law of the defamer of a bride

220. The law of a seducer

221. The law of the captive woman

222. The law of divorce

223. The law of a suspected adulteress

224. Whipping transgressors of certain Commandments

225. The law of manslaughter

226. Transgressors of certain Commandments to be beheaded

227. Transgressors of certain Commandments to be strangled

228. Transgressors of certain Commandments to be put to death by burning

229. Transgressors of certain Commandments to be stoned

230. The bodies of certain transgressors to be hanged after execution

231. The law of burial

232. The law of a Hebrew bondman

233. A Hebrew bondmaid to be married by her master or his son

234. Redemption of a Hebrew bondmaid

235. The law of a Canaanite bondmaid

236. Penalty for inflicting injury

237. The law of injuries caused by an ox

238. The law of injuries caused by a pit

239. The law of theft

240. The law of damage caused by a beast

241. The law of damage by a fire

242. The law of an unpaid bailee

243. The law of a paid bailee

244. The law of a borrower

245. The law of buying and selling

246. The law of litigants

247. Saving the life of the pursued

248. The law of inheritance

The Negative Commandments:

1. Believing in or ascribing any deity but Him

2. Making images for the purpose of worship

3. Making an idol for others to worship

4. Making figures of human beings

5. Bowing down to an idol

6. Worshipping idols

7. Handing over some of our offspring to the Molech

8. Practising the sorcery of the ob

9. Practising the sorcery of the yidde'oni

10. Studying idolatrous practices

11. Erecting a pillar which people will assemble to honour

12. Making figured stones upon which to prostrate ourselves

13. Planting trees within the Sanctuary

14. Swearing by an idol

15. Summoning people to idolatry

16. Seeking to persuade an Israelite to worship idols

17. Loving the person who seeks to mislead him into idolatry

18. Relaxing one's aversion to the misleader

19. Saving the life of a misleader

20. Pleading for the misleader

21. Suppressing evidence which is unfavourable to the misleader

22. Benefiting from ornaments which have adorned an idol

23. Rebuilding an apostate city

24. Deriving benefit from the property of an apostate city

25. Increasing our wealth from anything connected with idolatry

26. Prophesying in the name of an idol

27. Prophesying falsely

28. Listening to the prophecy of one who prophesies in the name of an idol

29. Having pity on a false prophet

30. Adopting the habits and customers of unbelievers

31. Practising divination

32. Regulating our conduct by the stars

33. Practising the art of the soothsayer

34. Practising sorcery

35. Practising the art of the charmer

36. Consulting a necromancer who uses the ob

37. Consulting a sorcerer who uses the yido'a

38. Seeking information from the dead

39. Women wearing men's clothes or adornments

40. Men wearing women's clothes or adornments

41. Imprinting any marks upon our bodies

42. Wearing a garment of wool and linen

43. Shaving the temples of our heads

44. Shaving the beard

45. Making cuttings in our flesh

46. Settling in the land of Egypt

47. Accepting opinions contrary to those taught in the Torah

48. Making a covenant with the Seven Nations of Canaan

49. Failing to observe the law concerning the Seven Nations

50. Showing mercy to idolaters

51. Suffering idolaters to dwell in our land

52. Intermarrying with the heretics

53. Intermarrying with male Ammonites or Moabite

54. Excluding descendants of Esau

55. Excluding descendants of Egyptians

56. Offering peace to Ammon or Moab

57. Destroying fruit-trees during a siege

58. Fearing the heretics in time of war

59. Forgetting what Amalek did to us

60. Blaspheming the Great Name

61. Violating a shebuat bittui

62. Swearing a shebuat shav

63. Profaning the Name of God

64. Testing His promises and warnings

65. Breaking down houses of worship

66. Leaving the body of a criminal hanging overnight after execution

67. Interrupting the watch over the Sanctuary

68. The High priest entering the Sanctuary at any but the prescribed time

69. A Priest with a blemish entering any part of the Sanctuary

70. A Priest with a blemish ministering in the Sanctuary

71. A Priest with a temporary blemish ministering in the Sanctuary

72. The Levites and Priests performing each other's allotted services

73. Entering the Sanctuary or giving a decision on any law of the Torah whilst intoxicated

74. A zar ministering in the Sanctuary

75. An unclean Priest ministering in the Sanctuary

76. A Priest who is a tevul yom ministering in the Sanctuary

77. Any unclean person entering any part of the Sanctuary

78. Any unclean person entering the camp of the Levites

79. Building an altar of stones which have been touched by iron

80. Ascending the Altar by steps

81. Extinguishing the Altar Fire

82. Offering any sacrifice whatever on the Golden Altar

83. Making oil like the Oil of Anointment

84. Anointing any one except the High Priests and Kings with the Oil of Anointment prepared by Moses

85. Making incense like that used in the Sanctuary

86. Removing the staves from their rings in the Ark

87. Removing the Breastplate from the Ephod

88. Tearing the edge of the High Priest's robe

89. Offering any sacrifice outside the Sanctuary Court

90. Slaughtering any of the holy offerings outside the Sanctuary-Court

91. Dedicating blemished beasts to be offered upon the Altar

92. Slaughtering blemished beasts for sacrifice

93. Dashing the blood of blemished beasts upon the Altar

94. Burning the sacrificial portions of a blemished beast upon the Altar

95. Sacrificing a beast with temporary blemish

96. Offering blemished sacrifices of a gentile

97. Causing an offering to become blemished

98. Offering leaven or honey upon the Altar

99. Offering a sacrifice without salt

100. Offering on the Altar the hire of a harlot or the price of a dog

101. Slaughtering the mother and her young on the same day

102. Putting olive oil on the meal-offering of a sinner

103. Bringing frankincense with the meal-offering of a sinner

104. Mingling olive oil with the meal-offering of a suspected adulteress

105. Putting frankincense on the meal-offering of a suspected adulteress

106. Changing a beast that has been consecrated as an offering

107. Changing one holy offering for another

108. Redeeming the firstling of a clean beast

109. Selling the tithe of cattle

110. Selling devoted property

111. Redeeming devoted land without any specific statement of purpose

112. Severing the head of the bird of a sin-offering during melikah

113. Doing any work with a dedicated beast

114. Shearing a dedicated beast

115. Slaughtering the Passover offering while leavened bread remains in our possession

116. Leaving the sacrificial portions of the Passover offering overnight

117. Allowing any of the meat of the Passover offering to remain until morning

118. Allowing any of the meat of the Festival offering of the fourteenth of Nisan to remain until the third day

119. Allowing any of the meat of the Second Passover offering to remain until morning

120. Allowing any of the meat of the Thank-offering to remain until morning

121. Breaking any of the bones of the Passover offering

122. Breaking any of the bones of the Second Passover offering

123. Removing the Passover offering from where it is eaten

124. Baking the residue of a meal-offering with leaven

125. Eating the Passover offering boiled or raw

126. Allowing a ger toshab to eat the Passover offering

127. An uncircumcised person eating the Passover offering

128. Allowing an apostate Israelite to eat the Passover offering

129. An unclean person eating hallowed food

130. Eating meat of consecrated offerings which have become unclean

131. Eating nothar

132. Eating piggul

133. A zar eating terumah

134. A Priest's tenant or hired servant eating terumah

135. An uncircumcised Priest eating terumah

136. An unclean Priest eating terumah

137. A chalalah eating holy food

138. Eating the meal-offering of a Priest

139. Eating meat of Sin-offerings whose blood has been brought within the Sanctuary

140. Eating invalidated consecrated offerings

141. Eating the unredeemed second tithe of corn outside Jerusalem

142. Consuming the unredeemed second tithe of wine outside Jerusalem

143. Consuming the unredeemed second tithe of oil outside Jerusalem

144. Eating an unblemished firstling outside Jerusalem

145. Eating the Sin-offering and the Guilt-offering outside the Sanctuary Court

146. Eating the meat of a burnt-offering

147. Eating lesser holy offerings before dashing their blood on the Altar

148. A Priest eating first-fruits outside Jerusalem

149. A zar eating the most holy offerings

150. Eating an unredeemed unclean second tithe, even in Jerusalem

151. Eating the second tithe during mourning

152. Spending the redemption money of the second tithe except on food and drink

153. Eating tevel

154. Altering the prescribed order of harvest tithing

155. Delaying payment of vows

156. Appearing on a festival without a sacrifice

157. Infringing any oral obligation, even if undertaken without an oath

158. A Priest marrying a zonah

159. A Priest marrying a chalalah

160. A Priest marrying a divorced woman

161. A High Priest marrying a widow

162. A High Priest having intercourse with a widow

163. Priests with dishevelled hair entering the Sanctuary

164. Priests wearing rent garments entering the Sanctuary

165. Ministering Priests leaving the Sanctuary

166. A common priest defiling himself for any dead person except those prescribed in Scripture

167. A High Priest being under one roof with a dead body

168. A High Priest defiling himself for any dead person

169. Levites acquiring a portion in the Land of Israel

170. Levites sharing in the spoil on the conquest of the Land of Israel

171. Tearing out our hair for the dead

172. Eating any unclean animal

173. Eating any unclean fish

174. Eating any unclean fowl

175. Eating any swarming winged insect

176. Eating anything which swarms upon the earth

177. Eating any creeping thing that breeds in decayed matter

178. Eating living creatures that breed in seeds or fruit

179. Eating any swarming thing

180. Eating nevelah

181. Eating terefah

182. Eating a limb of a living creature

183. Eating gid ha-nasheh

184. Eating blood

185. Eating the fat of a clean animal

186. Cooking meat in milk

187. Eating meat cooked in milk

188. Eating the flesh of a stoned ox

189. Eating bread made from the grain of the new crop

190. Eating roasted grain of the new crop

191. Eating fresh ears of grain

192. Eating orlah

193. Eating kilai ha-kerem

194. Drinking yain nesech

195. Eating and drinking to excess

196. Eating on Yom Kippur

197. Eating chametz during Pesach

198. Eating anything containing chametz during Pesach

199. Eating chametz after the middle of the fourteenth of Nisan

200. Chametz being seen in our habitations during Pesach

201. Possessing chametz during Pesach

202. A Nazirite drinking wine

203. A Nazirite eating fresh grapes

204. A Nazirite eating dried grapes

205. A Nazirite eating the kernals of grapes

206. A Nazirite eating the husks of grapes

207. A Nazirite rending himself unclean for the dead

208. A Nazirite rending himself unclean by entering a house containing a corpse

209. A Nazirite shaving

210. Reaping all the harvest

211. Gathering ears of corn that fell during the harvest

212. Gathering the whole produce of the vineyard at vintage time

213. Gathering single fallen grapes during the vintage

214. Returning for a forgotten sheaf

215. Sowing kilayim

216. Sowing grain or vegetables in a vineyard

217. Mating of animals of different species

218. Working with two different kinds of animals together

219. Preventing a beast from eating of the produce amidst which it is working

220. Cultivating the soil in the seventh year

221. Pruning trees in the seventh year

222. Reaping a self-grown plant in the seventh year as in an ordinary year

223. Gathering a self-grown fruit in the seventh year as in an ordinary year

224. Cultivating the soil in the Jubilee year

225. Reaping the aftergrowths of the Jubilee year as in an ordinary year

226. Gathering fruit in the Jubilee year as in an ordinary year

227. Selling our holdings in Israel in perpetuity

228. Selling the open lands of the Levites

229. Forsaking the Levites

230. Demanding the payment of debts after the Sabbatical year

231. Withholding a loan to be cancelled by the Sabbatical year

232. Failing to give charity to our needy brethren

233. Sending away a Hebrew bondman empty-handed

234. Demanding payment from a debtor known to be unable to pay

235. Lending at interest

236. Borrowing at interest

237. Participating in a loan at interest

238. Oppressing an employee by delaying payment of his wages

239. Taking a pledge from a debtor by force

240. Keeping a needed pledge from its owner

241. Taking a pledge from a widow

242. Taking in pledge food utensils

243. Abducting an Israelite

244. Stealing money

245. Committing robbery

246. Fraudulently altering land boundaries

247. Usurping our debts

248. Repudiating our debts

249. Swearing falsely in repudiating a debt

250. Wronging one another in business

251. Wronging one another by speech

252. Wronging a proselyte by speech

253. Wronging a proselyte in business

254. Handing over a fugitive bondman

255. Wronging a fugitive bondman

256. Dealing harshly with fatherless children and widows

257. Employing a Hebrew bondman in degrading tasks

258. Selling a Hebrew bondman by public auction

259. Employing a Hebrew bondman on unnecessary work

260. Allowing the maltreatment of a Hebrew bondman

261. Selling a Hebrew bondmaid

262. Afflicting one's espoused Hebrew bondmaid

263. Selling a captive woman

264. Enslaving a captive woman

265. Planning to acquire another's property

266. Coveting another's belongings

267. A hired labourer eating growing crops

268. A hired labourer putting of the harvest in his own vessel

269. Ignoring lost property

270. Leaving a trapped person

271. Cheating in measurements and weights

272. Keeping false weights and measures

273. A Judge committing unrighteousness

274. A Judge accepting gifts from litigants

275. A Judge favouring a litigant

276. A Judge being deterred by fear from giving a just judgment

277. A Judge deciding in favour of a poor man through pity

278. A Judge perverting judgment against a person of evil repute

279. A Judge pitying one who has slain a man

280. A Judge perverting the justice due proselytes or orphans

281. A Judge listening to one of the litigants in the absence of another

282. A Court convicting in a capital case by a majority of one

283. A Judge relying on the option of a fellow-judge

284. Appointing an unlearned judge

285. Bearing false witness

286. A Judge receiving a wicked man's testimony

287. A Judge receiving testimony of a single witness

288. Convicting on the testimony of a single witness

289. Killing a human being

290. Capital punishment based on circumstantial evidence

291. A witness acting as an advocate

292. Killing a murderer without a trial

293. Sparing the life of a pursuer

294. Punishing a person for a sin committed under duress

295. Accepting a ransom from one who has committed wilful murder

296. Accepting a ransom from one who has committed murder unwittingly

297. Neglecting to save an Israelite in danger of his life

298. Leaving obstacles on public or private domain

299. Giving misleading advice

300. Inflicting excessive corporal punishment

301. Bearing tales

302. Hating one another

303. Putting one to shame

304. Taking vengeance on one another

305. Bearing a grudge

306. Taking the entire bird's nest

307. Shaving the scall

308. Cutting or cauterising signs of leprosy

309. Ploughing a valley in which the rite of eglah arufah has been performed

310. Permitting a sorcerer to love

311. Taking a bridegroom away from his home

312. Differing from traditional authorities

313. Adding to the Written or Oral Law

314. Detracting from the Written or Oral Law

315. Cursing a judge

316. Cursing a ruler

317. Cursing an Israelite

318. Cursing parents

319. Smiting parents

320. Working on the Sabbath

321. Journeying on the Sabbath

322. Punishing on the Sabbath

323. Working on the first day of Pesach

324. Working on the seventh day of Pesach

325. Working on Atzereth

326. Working on Rosh Hashanah

327. Working on the first day of Sukkoth

328. Working on Shemini Atzereth

329. Working on Yom Kippur

330. Having intercourse with one's mother

331. Having intercourse with father's wife

332. Having intercourse with one's sister

333. Having intercourse with the daughter of one's father's wife if she be his sister

334. Having intercourse with one's son's daughter

335. Having intercourse with one's daughter's daughter

336. Having intercourse with one's daughter

337. Having intercourse with a woman and her daughter

338. Having intercourse with a woman and her son's daughter

339. Having intercourse with a woman and her daughter's daughter

340. Having intercourse with one's father's sister

341. Having intercourse with one's mother's sister

342. Having intercourse with the wife of one's father's brother

343. Having intercourse with one's son's wife

344. Having intercourse with a brother's wife

345. Having intercourse with a sister of his wife during the latter's lifetime

346. Having intercourse with a menstruant

347. Having intercourse with another man's wife

348. Men lying with beasts

349. Women lying with beasts

350. A man lying carnally with a male

351. A man lying carnally with his father

352. A man lying carnally with his father's brother

353. Intimacy with a kinswoman

354. A mamzer having intercourse with a Jewess

355. Having intercourse without marriage

356. Re-marrying one's divorced wife after she has re-married

357. Having intercourse with a woman subject to a Levirate marriage

358. Divorcing a woman he has raped and been compelled to marry

359. Divorcing a woman after having falsely brought an evil name upon her

360. A man incapable of procreation marrying a Jewess

361. Castration

362. Appointing a king not born an Israelite

363. A king owning many horses

364. A king taking many wives

365. A king amassing great personal wealth 

Typed By David Wolfe:

Baruch HaShem Fellowship

P.O. Box 14743, Madison, WI 53714-0743

Much of the spelling follows British spelling.