◄1630-1510 BC | Timeline 1510-1390 BC (The Exodus) | 1410-1290 BC►

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Notes on the Nations
Books of the Bible
Notes on Israel
   First Dynasty of Assyria 1811-1329 BC
          Puzur-Ashur III 1519-1495BC (24)
          Enlil-Nasir I 1495-1481BC (14)
          Nur-Ili 1481-1473BC (8)
          Ashur-Shaduni 1473-1470BC (3)
          Ashur-Rabi I 1470-1450BC (20)
          Ashur-Nadin-Ahhe I 1450-1430BC (20)
          Enlil-nasir II 1430-1425BC (5)
          Assur-nirari II 1424-1418BC (6)
          Assur-bel-nisheshu 1417-1409BC (8)
          Assur-rim-nisheshu 1408-1401BC (7)
          Assur-nadin-ahhe II  1400-1391BC (9)

    Sealand Empire 1711-1443BC
         Adarakalamma 1513-1485BC (28)
         Ekurduanna 1485-1459BC (26)
         Melamkurkurra 1459-1452BC (7)
         Ea-gamil 1452-1443BC (9)

    Hittite Empire 1680-1200BC
    Book Name Exodus
    Dates covered 1526-1400 BC
    Date written 1446-1440 BC
    Author Moses
    Book Name Leviticus
    Dates covered 1526-1400 BC
    Date written 1446-1440 BC
    Author Moses
    Book Name Numbers
    Dates covered 1526-1400 BC
    Date written 1446-1440 BC
    Author Moses
    Book Name Deuteronomy
    Dates covered 1526-1400 BC
    Date written 1446-1440 BC
    Author Moses
         The Twelve Tribes of Israel
          The 613 Commands in the Old Testament
         The Gods of Egypt

     Israel in Bondage in Egypt for 430 years
          Moses 1526-1406BC (120 years)
               International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
               Fausset's Bible Dictionary
               Smith's Bible Dictionary
               Nave's Topics
               Moses' Family Tree
          Joshua 1500-1390BC (110 years)
               International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
               Fausset's Bible Dictionary
               Smith's Bible Dictionary
               Nave's Topics
               Holman Bible Dictionary
               The Hittites and the Old Testament by F. F. Bruce
          Labarnash 1680-1650BC (30)
          Hattushilish I 1650-1620BC (30)
          Telepinush 1525-1500BC (25)
          Tahurwaili 1500BC (-1)
          Alluwamnash 1500BC (-1)
          Hantilish II 1500-1450BC (50)
          Zidantash II 1450BC (-1)
          Huzziyash II 1450BC (-1)
          Muwatallish 1450BC (-1)
          Tudkhaliash II 1450-1420BC (30)
          Arnuwandash I 1420-1400BC (20
          Tudkhaliash III 1400-1380BC (20)

     Kingdom of Egypt (?-30 BC)
              Holman Bible Dictionary
     18TH Dynasty (263) 15180-1317BC
          Thutmose III & Queen Hatshepsut (22) 1504-1482BC
          Thutmose III (32) 1482-1450BC
          Amenhotep II (26) 1450-1424BC
          Thutmose IV (10) 1424-1414BC
          Amenhotep III (36) 1414-1378BC

               Expulsion of the Hyksos
               Egypt and Palestine in the Late Bronze Age
               Sites in the Amarna Archive (Akhetaton; Tell el-Amarna)
               Campaigns of Thutmose III and Amenhotep II
               Canaan in the 14th Century: The Tell el-Amarna Tablets
               The Egyptian Empire and the Hittites
               Egyptian Empire and Balance of Power, ca. 1400 BCE
               The Route of the Exodus
               Events during the Sojourn at Kadesh-Barnea
               Journey of the Spies
               The Journey from Kadesh-Barnea to the Plains of Moab
               Ancient Near East from 1200-100 BCE
               The Conquest of Canaan

Notes on Israel's Involvement With the Nations

     Notes on The Exodus

          Dating the Exodus

          There are two dating systems for the Exodus.
The Liberal date (1250 BC)
The first dating system for the Exodus is made up by liberals who don't believe the Bible is the perfect word of God & therefore must have mistakes in it. These anti-bible fools place the date of the Exodus in the reign of Rameses II. Why do they place the Exodus at this time? Because when they do so they can say that the Bible is false historically & archeologically & must be a work of fiction. Remember if the bible is fiction then they can continue to live in their pet sins & still say they are on God's side.
The Real or Conservative Date (1446 BC)
The Exodus happened in the year 1446 BC give or take a a few years or so. How do we know that this is the right date. We know for the following reasons:
1) I kings 6:1 says
Now it came about in the four hundred and eightieth year after the sons of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.
The Exodus happened in so 1446 BC - 480 years = 966 BC.
King Solomon reigned from 970-931 BC, which would place his 4 year as 966 BC.
Isn't it funny how math works perfectly when one trusts what the Bible says?
2) Judges 11:26 says
'While Israel lived in Heshbon and its villages, and in Aroer and its villages, and in all the cities that are on the banks of the Arnon, three hundred years, why did you not recover them within that time?
In other words from the end of the Conquest of Canaan to the time of the Judge named Jepthtah an interval of about a 300 year transpired. According to Joshua 14:7 & 10, the Conquest of Canaan took 7 years & would have ended in 1399 (40 years of exodus [1446-1406] - 7 of Conquest = 1399). Jephthah Judged Israel some time around 1087-1081 BC. (1087 BC  + 300 years = 1387)
3) The Amarna Letters (see below)
The Amarna Letters date from the reign of Amenhotep III, to the reign of Ay, spanning a period from c. 1414-1354 BC. In one of the letter a Canaanite king asks Egypt for help against a group of people known as the Hapru (or Hebrews) that were conquering them. The Conquest of Canaan must have taken place between these dates not in  1250 BC. as claimed by the liberals. The real Exodus date of 1446 BC easily falls within these dates.
4) Thutmose IV, brother to the son killed by the 10th plague
We know from the Dream Stele that Thutmose was not the first born of Pharaoh & therefore fits the facts in the Exodus account that the first born of Pharaoh died in the 10th plague

     Notes on The Egyptian Pharaohs

Queen Hatshepsut - the adoptive mother of Moses

Hatshepsut was the daughter of the Pharaoh Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose.
Hatshepsut was married to her own half-brother, Tuthmosis II, with whom she reigned for some 14 years. Realizing his sister-wife's ambitious nature, Tuthmosis II declared his son by the harem girl Isis to be his heir, but when the young Tuthmosis III came to the throne, Hatshepsut became regent and promptly usurped his position as ruler.
For some reason, after the the death of Hetshepsut, all of her images were defaced & her name was removed from almost every monument in Egypt. Now Egyptologists have speculated as to why this was, some say it was because she was a woman who reigned as a male pharaoh but there were other women who reigned as pharaohs & their images were not defaced. This list includes the great female pharaoh Cleopatra. So why was there an attempt to remove all trace of Hatshepsut from Egyptian memory? Could it have been because she had been the Daughter of Pharaoh who delivered Moses out of the Nile?

Thutmose IV, brother to son killed by the 10th plague

Menkheperure Thutmose IV (sometimes spelled Thutmosis) was the 8th Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. Thutmose means Son of the god Thut He ruled from c.1424-1414 BC  He was the son of Amenhotep II and Tiy He however was not the firstborn son of pharaoh. This is known because of a plaque known as the Dream Stele that Thutmose IV placed on the Sphinx. The Dream Stele states that the god Harmakhis (the Sphinx) promised Thutmose that if he would remove the sand covering the god/Sphinx that Harmakhis would make him king. If Thutmose was the firstborn son of Amenhotep II then he would not have needed the help of Harmakhis to make his kingship legitimate. So why did the non-firstborn son of Amenhotep II become king in place of his brother? Could it be because his firstborn brother had died in the last plague of God to hit Egypt - the plague of the first born?

The Dream Stele of Thutmose IV

Here is the part of the Dream Stele that pertains to Thutmose becoming king
"Now the statue of the very great Khepri (the Great Sphix) restin in this place, great of fame, sacred of respect, the shade of Ra resting on him.  Memphis and every city on its two sides came to him, their arms in adoration to his face, bearing great offerings for his ka.  One of these days it happened that price Tuthmosis came travelling at the time of midday.  He rested in the shadow of the great god.  (Sleep and) dream (took possession of me) at the moment the sun was at zenith.  Then he found the majesty of this noble god speaking from his own mouth like a father speaks to his son, and saying, 'Look at me, observe me, my son Tuthmosis.  I am your father, Horemakhet-Khepri-Ra-Atum.  I shall give to you the kingship (upon the land before the living)...(Behold, my condition is like one in illness), all (my limbs being ruined).  The sand of the desert, upon which I used to be, (now) confronts me; and it is in order to cause that you do what is in my heart that I have waited."

Amenhotep III - Pharaoh during the conquest of Canaan

In 1887 a number of cuneiform tablets mostly written in Akkadian were found at Amarna. (See Below) These tablets are from the leaders of Canaan to the Pharaoh asking for military help against a group of Semitic nomads who were invading the land of Canaan. These letters date form the reign of Amenhotep III - Aye (1414-1354 BC). They called these invaders "the Apiru". Could this group of invading Apiru be the Ha-be-rews or Hebrews who would have been invading Canaan from 1406-1399 BC?

The battle of Megiddo
In 1480 Pharaoh Amenhotep III went to war with a Syrian-Canaanite coalition around the area of Megiddo. This would serve to weaken the kings in this area when the Israelites conquered it 20 years later.

The Amarna Letter Asking for help against the Hapiru

To the king, my Lord, thus speaks Abdu-Heba, your servant. At the feet of the king, my Lord, seven times and seven times I prostrate myself. What have I done to the king, my Lord? They blame me before the king, my Lord, saying: " Abdu-Heba has rebelled against the king, my Lord ". I am here, as far as I am concerned, it was not my father, nor my mother, who put to me in this position; the arm of the powerful king lead me to the house of my father! Why would I commit a transgression against the king, my Lord.
While the king, my Lord, lives, I will say to the commissioner of the king, my Lord: " Why do you favour the Hapiru and are opposed to the rulers? " And thus I am accused before the king, my Lord. Because it is said: " Lost are the territories of the king, my Lord ". Thus am I calumniated before the king, my Lord! But may the king, my Lord know, that, when the king sent a garrison, Yanhamu [1] seized everything, and... the land of Egypt... Oh king, my Lord, there are no garrison troops here! (Therefore), the king takes care of his land! May the king take care of his land! ! All the territories of the king have rebelled; Ilimilku caused the loss of all the territories of the king. May the king take care of his land!
I repeat: Allow me to enter the presence of the king, my Lord, and let me look into both eyes of the king, my Lord. But the hostility against me is strong, and I cannot enter the presence of the king, my Lord. May the king send garrison troops, in order that I may enter and look into the eyes of the king, my Lord. So certain as the king, my Lord, lives, when the commissioners come, I will say: Lost are the territories of the king. Do you not hear to me? All the rulers are lost; the king, my Lord, does not have a single ruler left. May the king direct his attention to the archers, and may the king, my Lord,send troops of archers, the king has no more lands. The Hapiru sack the territories of the king. If there are archers (here) this year, all the territories of the king will remain (intact); but if there are no archers, the territories of the king, my Lord, will be lost!
To the king, my Lord thus writes Abdu-Heba, your servant. He conveys eloquent words to the king, my Lord. All the territories of the king, my Lord, are lost.
 [1]    The Egyptian commissioner in Palestine

     Notes on the Hittites

Before the Hittite Kingdom was rediscovered, it's non-existence was often used by anti-biblical "scholars" as proof that the Bible was historically inaccurate. This all changed in the 1880's when the vast kingdom of the Hittites was rediscovered & the Bible was yet again proven true by archeology.


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