Judas Thaddaeus

jōō´das tha-dē´us

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


Judas - (Ἰούδας Ἰακώβου, Ioúdas Iakṓbou): One of the twelve apostles (Luk_6:16; Act_1:13; for etymology, etc., see JUDAS). the King James Version has the reading “brother of James,” and the Revised Version (British and American) reads “son of James.” The latter is to be preferred. In Joh_14:22 he is described as “Judas (not Iscariot).” The name corresponds with the “Thaddaeus” or “Lebbaeus whose surname was Thaddaeus” of Mat_10:3 the King James Version and Mar_3:18 (compare THADDAEUS). The identification of Thaddaeus with Judas is generally accepted, though Ewald and others hold that they were different persons, that Thaddeus died during Christ's lifetime, and that Judas was chosen in his place (compare Bruce, Training of the Twelve, 34). If the Revised Version (British and American) is accepted as the correct rendering of Luk_6:16 and Act_1:13, this Judas cannot be identified either with the Juda (Mar_6:3 the King James Version), Judas (Mar_6:3 the Revised Version (British and American)), or Judas (Mat_13:55), the brother of Jesus; or with the Judas (Jud_1:1 the Revised Version margin) or Jude (Jud_1:1 the King James Version), the brother of James, whether these two latter Judases are to be regarded as the same or not. The only incident recorded of Judas of James is in Joh_14:22, where during Christ's address to the disciples after the last supper he put the question, “Lord, what is come to pass that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?”

Thaddaeus - tha-dē´us (Θαδδαῖος, Thaddaíos): One of the Twelve Apostles (Mat_10:3; Mar_3:18). In Mat_10:3 the King James Version, the reading is “Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus.” The name corresponds to Judas, the son (Revised Version), or brother (the King James Version), of James, given in the lists of Luk_6:16; Act_1:13. See JUDAS NOT ISCARIOT; LEBBAEUS.


Taken from: International Standard Bible Encyclopedia by James Orr, M.A., D.D., General Editor