VI Philometor (Greek: Πτολεμαίος Φιλομήτωρ, ca.
191-145 BC) was a king of Egypt from the Ptolemaic
period. He reigned from 180 to 145 BC.
succeeded in 180 at the age of about 12 and ruled
jointly with his mother, Cleopatra I, until her
death in 176 BC. The following year he married his
sister, Cleopatra II.
In 170 BC, Antiochus IV began the sixth Syrian
War and invaded Egypt twice. He was crowned as its
king in 168, but abandoned his claim on the orders
of the Roman Senate. From 169-164 Egypt was ruled by
a triumvirate consisting of Ptolemy, his
sister-queen and his younger brother known as
Ptolemy VIII Physcon, but in 164 he was driven out
by his brother and went to Rome to seek support,
which he received from Cato. He was restored the
following year by the intervention of the
Alexandrians and ruled uneasily, cruelly suppressing
frequent rebellions. In 152 BC he briefly ruled
jointly with one of his sons, known as Ptolemy
Eupator, but it is thought that Ptolemy Eupator died
that same year.
He is reputed to have taken as eromenos a boy
named Galestes, whom he loved not only for his good
looks but also for his wisdom. (Aelian, Varia
Historia, I.30) Ptolemy VI Philometer was killed in
Syria, fighting against Alexander Balas.
Ptolemy V (Epiphanes)
Ptolemy VII (Evergetes II)