|Jair - jāŽẽr
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
|(1) Jair (יאיר,
“he enlightens” or “one giving light”):
(a) Son, i.e. descendant of Manasseh (Num 32:41; Deu 3:14; Jos 13:30; 1Ki 4:13 :1 1Ki 2:22 f). According to 1Ch 2:21 f he was the son of Segub, son of Hezron, a descendant of Judah, who married the daughter of Machir, son of Manasseh. He was thus descended both from Judah and Manasseh. At the time of the conquest he distinguished himself by taking the tent-villages HAVVOTH-JAIR (which see). The accounts of his exploit are difficult to harmonize (see ICC on above passages). Some would identify him with the Jair of Jdg 10:3, holding that Manasseh's settlement in Northern Gilead and Bashan took place, not before Israel's passage of the Jordan, but after the settlement of the tribe on the West. For a criticism of this view see HGHL, 577, note
(b) One of the judges. He is said to have had 30 sons, who rode on 30 ass colts, and who had as many cities, known as Havvoth-jair (Jdg 10:3, Jdg 10:4). One tradition identifies (a) and (b). Others reconcile the two narratives by interpreting the word “son” in a non-literal sense.
(c) The father of Mordecai (Est 2:5). In the Apocrypha (Additions to Esther 11:2) his name is given as “Jairus” (Ἰάειρος, Iáeiros).
(2) Jair (Ḳerē: יעיר, yā‛īr, “he arouses”; Kethībh: יעוּר, yā‛ūr; a different name from (1) above): The father of Elhanan, the giant-slayer (1Ch 20:5). In the parallel passage (2Sa 21:19) his name is given as “Jaare-oregim,” but the text should be corrected to Jair, “oregim” ('ōreghīm) having crept in from the line below through a copyist's error.
Taken from: International Standard Bible Encyclopedia by James Orr, M.A., D.D., General Editor